The materials in this chapter introduce and cover the basics of genetics. It is organized into sections that teach, reinforce, and test students on the concept of cellular reproduction, introduction to heredity: The materials in this chapter introduce and cover the basics of evolution. It is organized into sections that teach, reinforce, and test students on the concept of natural selection and the history of life. In the high school Biology I course, students learn about the basics of cell structures.
In this lesson, students are asked to identify differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. The materials in this chapter introduce and cover the basics of viruses.
It is organized into sections that teach, reinforce, and test students on the concept of understanding viruses. The materials in this chapter introduce and cover the basics of prokaryotes. It is organized into sections that teach, reinforce, and test students on the concept of bacteria.
The materials in this chapter introduce and cover the basics of protists. It is organized into sections that teach, reinforce, and test students on the concepts of classifying protists, plant-like protists, and animal-like protists.
The materials in this chapter introduce and cover the basics of fungi. Measuring Blood Pressure Concept 4: Procedure for Measuring Blood Pressure Concept 5: Fruit Fly Mating Behavior Concept 2: Pillbug Behavior Concept 3: Scientific Sketching Concept 4: Dissolved Oxygen Availability Concept 2: Primary Productivity Concept 4: Membrane Structure and Transport Introduction Concept 1: Membrane Structure Practice 1 page Review 1 page Concept 2: Membrane Dynamics and Communication Introduction Concept 1: Endocytosis and Exocytosis Practice 1 page Review 3 pages Concept 3: Building Biomolecules Introduction Concept 1: Valence and Covalent Bonding Concept 3: Hydrocarbons Practice 1 page Review 1 page Concept 4: Isomers Review 3 pages Concept 5: Polarity Review 2 pages Concept 6: The Beating Heart Introduction Concept 1: Heart Anatomy Practice 2 pages Review 4 pages Concept 2: The Vascular Highway Introduction Concept 1: Capillary Function Practice 1 page Review 2 pages Concept 4: Cell Respiration Introduction Concept 1: Overview of Respiration Practice 1 page Review 1 page Concept 2: Glycolysis Practice 1 page Review 1 page Concept 3: Krebs Cycle Practice 1 page Review 2 pages Concept 4: Fermentation Practice 1 page Review 3 pages Concept 6: Cell Structure and Function Introduction Concept 1: Common Features of All Cells Concept 2: The Nucleotide Practice 1 page Review 1 page Concept 2: From Gene to Protein: Transcription Introduction Concept 1: The Central Dogma Concept 2: Transcription and Translation in Cells Concept 3: Translation Protein Synthesis Introduction Concept 1: Amino Acid Building Blocks Concept 3: The Different Amino Acids Concept 4: The Peptide Bond Concept 5: Protein Practice 1 page Review 1 page Concept 6: Translation in a Eukaryotic Cell Concept 7: Molecular Components of Translation 1 Concept 8: Molecular Components of Translation 2 Concept 9: Molecular Components of Translation 3 Concept Initiation of Translation Review 1 page Concept Elongation of the Polypeptide Chain Review 1 page Concept Termination of Translation Practice 1 page Review 1 page Concept Meiosis Introduction Concept 1: An Overview Concept 2: The Process of Meiosis Concept 3: Premeiotic Interphase Concept 4: Prophase I Concept 5: Metaphase I Concept 6: Anaphase I Concept 7: Telophase I Concept 8: Meiosis I Animated Concept 9: Assembling the Stages of Meiosis I Concept Prophase II Practice 1 page Concept Metaphase II Practice 1 page Concept Anaphase II Practice 1 page Concept Telophase II Practice 1 page Concept Amino acids serve as the monomers of proteins.
A family of enzymes, at least one for each amino acid, that catalyze the attachment of an amino acid to its specific tRNA molecule.
A vertebrate possessing an amnion surrounding the embryo; reptiles, birds, and mammals are amniotes. A shelled, water-retaining egg that enables reptiles, birds, and egg-laying mammals to complete their life cycles on dry land.
Synthetic chemical variants of the male sex hormone testosterone; they produce increased muscle mass but also suppress testosterone production, leading to shrinkage of the testes, growth of the breasts, and premature baldness; long-term use increases the risk of kidney and liver damage and of liver cancer. The similarity of structure between two species that are not closely related; attributable to convergent evolution.
Natural water-soluble pigments of blue, purple or red which are dissolved in the cell-sap vacuole of plant cells. A specialized base triplet on one end of a tRNA molecule that recognizes a particular complementary codon on an mRNA molecule.
Programmed cell death brought about by signals that trigger the activation of a cascade of "suicide" proteins in the cells destined to die. A transport protein in the plasma membranes of a plant or animal cell that specifically facilitates the diffusion of water across the membrane osmosis. Primitive eukaryotic group that includes diplomonads, such as Giardia; some systematists assign kingdom status to archezoans. The selective breeding of domesticated plants and animals to encourage the occurrence of desirable traits.
A saclike spore capsule located at the tip of the ascocarp in dikaryotic hyphae; defining feature of the Ascomycota division of fungi. A type of reproduction involving only one parent that produces genetically identical offspring by budding or by the division of a single cell or the entire organism into two or more parts. A type of nonrandom mating in which mating partners resemble each other in certain phenotypic characters.
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom, unique for each element and designated by a subscript to the left of the elemental symbol. Abbreviation of adenosine triphosphate , the principal energy-carrying compound of the cell. A cluster of several membrane proteins found in the mitochondrial cristae and bacterial plasma membrane that function in chemiosmosis with adjacent electron transport chains, using the energy of a hydrogen-ion concentration gradient to make ATP.
ATP synthases provide a port through which hydrogen ions diffuse into the matrix of a mitrochondrion. A valve in the heart between each atrium and ventricle that prevents a backflow of blood when the ventricles contract. According to this model, eukaryotic cells evolved by the specialization of internal membranes originally derived from prokaryotic plasma membranes. Autotrophs use energy from the sun or from the oxidation of inorganic substances to make organic molecules from inorganic ones.
Movement of Molecules in Solution Closer Look: Concentration Gradient Concept 4: Movement of Molecules and Cells Concept 5: Water Potential Concept 7: Calculating Water Potential Concept 8: Water Potential and Potato Cores Exercise 4: Water Potential Exercise 5: Osmosis Analysis of Results Lab Quiz. Enzyme Structure Concept 2: Binding Specificity Concept 3: Induced Fit Concept 4: The Cell Cycle Closer Look: Nuclear Division Karyokinesis Closer Look: Cytoplasmic Division Cytokinesis Concept 2: Spore Formation in Sordaria Exercise 1: The Process of Respiration Closer Look: Features and Functions of a Respirometer Exercise 2: How the Respirometer Works Exercise 3: How to Read a Pipette Exercise 4: Assembling the Respirometer Exercise 5: More Information on Germinating Peas Exercise 6: Bacterial Colonies Concept 2: Transformation Procedure Closer Look: Step 1 Closer Look: Step 2 Closer Look: Step 3 Closer Look: Step 4 Closer Look: Step 6 Exercise 2: Transformation Procedure Animation Exercise 3: How Do Restriction Enzymes Work?
Preparing the Gels Exercise 2: Loading the Gel Exercise 3: Filling the Wells Exercise 4: Running the Gel Exercise 6: Parental Generation Exercise 2: A Large Breeding Population Concept 2: Random Mating Concept 3: No Immigration or Emigration Concept 5: No Natural Selection Concept 6: Estimating Allelic Frequency Concept 7: The Hardy-Weinberg Equation Concept 8: Sample Problem 1 Concept 9: Sample Problem 2 Concept Sample Problem 3 Concept Hydrogen Bonding Concept 2: How Do Guard Cells Function?
Guard Cell Function Animation Concept 5: Transpiration and Photosynthesis Concept 6: An Overview of the Experiment Experiment 2: Blood Pressure Concept 2: Understanding Blood Pressure Concept 3: Measuring Blood Pressure Concept 4: Procedure for Measuring Blood Pressure Concept 5: Fruit Fly Mating Behavior Concept 2:
Unlike high school biology books which introduce a plethora of words in each chapter, the comprehensive biology word lists below are presented in digestible sections. The corresponding engaging and enjoyable online biology vocabulary activities and games allow students to review and retain high school biology terms and concepts.
Pearson, as an active contributor to the biology learning community, is pleased to provide free access to the Classic edition of The Biology Place to all educators and their students. Glossary of Biological Terms. This collection of over biological terms and definitions is available for quick reference as you use The Biology Place.
Learn high school biology with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of high school biology flashcards on Quizlet. Learn high school biology glossary with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of high school biology glossary flashcards on Quizlet.
With college right around the corner these high school science vocabulary terms can be extremely valuable. Prepare your students for the next step with High School Science Vocabulary. The seven categories are available through “Summary Lists” in the following categories: Biology, Ecology, Integrated Science, Chemistry, Physics. As with all Rediscovering Biology materials, it is assumed that the user has a working knowledge of biology. Thus, words defined in a high school textbook (for example "nucleotide") are not included in the glossary, whereas more complex or newer terms, for example "polymerase chain reaction," are included.