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MLA Formatting and Style Guide

❶Create a running header. The same source may have been published on more than one date, such as an online version of an original source.




You can control what cookies are set on your device in your "cookies settings". If you continue to use this site, you consent to our use of cookies. Provide enough information in your in-text citation so that your reader finds the correct source in your Works Cited list. If the author or title of the source is apparent from the content of your essay, do not include the information in the parentheses.

The Works Cited list opens on a new page at the end of your paper. Double-space the Works Cited list. List the entries in alphabetical order. If the entry is more than one line, indent all the subsequent lines.

Separate each major element author, title, publication information with a period. Use short, relevant, direct quotations from other authors to go beyond or support points you make. The essay of words usually contains two - three brief quotes. You should indent direct quotations and enclose them in quotation marks [" "]. Endnotes should be used to discuss information that does not coherently fit into the paragraph it relates to. Your endnotes should not exceed three or four lines in lengths.

Endnotes are not the right time to bring up entirely new points. Center the "Appendix" heading. Do not italicize, bold, or underline the heading. Add related but unnecessary information. The information in an appendix should relate to the information in your paper, but it should not be crucial or essential to your argument. An appendix is a way to include related information without distracting from the main argument of your paper. Alphabetize your cited material.

All of your citations should be listed in alphabetical order according to the authors' last names. If a text does not have a known author, arrange that citation in alphabetical order according to the first word of the article or book title. Write the author's name in LastName, Firstname" format. Follow with a period. Italicize the book title and capitalize the first letter of each word. Write the city of publication followed by a colon, and include the publisher's name after that.

Follow this with a comma and the year of publication. End with a period. Type the medium of publication, "Print" or "eBook," at the end. Finish with a period. For example, your book citation should look like similar to this: Cite a journal article. A standard journal article includes the author's name, title of the article, title of the journal, issue information, and medium of publication.

Write the author's name in LastName, Firstname format. Include the title of the article in quotation marks and follow with a period. The first letter of each word should be capitalized. Italicize the title of the journal and follow with a period. Write the issue number, followed by the year of publication in parentheses.

Put a colon after the year and include the page numbers after this. Finish with the medium of publication and a final period. A finished journal article citation should look similar to this: Yes, but you title it "Works Cited" instead of "Bibliography," it's the same thing. Not Helpful 5 Helpful 9.

There are no footnotes in MLA. Cite with the author's last name and page number in parenthesis after a quotation. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 1. If cite an article with author in the work, and I come to another point in my paper where information from this article is used, do I just write the author's last name in parenthesis?

When in the actual paper, always cite with author and page number after a quotation. Not Helpful 1 Helpful 0. Please identify what version of MLA this is done for? Answer this question Flag as How do I write a review paper for humanities? My article calls for the name of a person and her husband several times. How do I write their names after the initial introduction since both have the same last names?

Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. Quick Summary To write a paper in MLA format, create 1-inch margins on all sides of the page, and use point font and double-space your text as you write. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Daniels, Greg and Michael Schur, creators. The same source may have been published on more than one date, such as an online version of an original source.

For example, a television series might have aired on a broadcast network on one date, but released on Netflix on a different date. When the source has more than one date, it is sufficient to use the date that is most relevant to your use of it. This is the way to create a general citation for a television episode.

However, if you are discussing, for example, the historical context in which the episode originally aired, you should cite the full date. The location of an online work should include a URL. The eighth edition is designed to be as streamlined as possible. The author should include any information that helps readers easily identify the source, without including unnecessary information that may be distracting.

If a source has been published on more than one date, the writer may want to include both dates if it will provide the reader with necessary or helpful information. The seventh edition handbook required the city in which a publisher is located, but the eighth edition states that this is only necessary in particular instances, such as in a work published before When you cite an online source, the MLA Handbook recommends including a date of access on which you accessed the material, since an online work may change or move at any time.

Accessed 4 May As mentioned above, while the eighth edition recommends including URLs when you cite online sources, you should always check with your instructor or editor and include URLs at their discretion. A DOI, or digital object identifier, is a series of digits and letters that leads to the location of an online source. Alonso, Alvaro, and Julio A. Wiley Online Library, doi: The in-text citation is a brief reference within your text that indicates the source you consulted.

It should properly attribute any ideas, paraphrases, or direct quotations to your source, and should direct readers to the entry in the list of works cited. When creating in-text citations for media that has a runtime, such as a movie or podcast, include the range of hours, minutes and seconds you plan to reference, like so Again, your goal is to attribute your source and provide your reader with a reference without interrupting your text. Your readers should be able to follow the flow of your argument without becoming distracted by extra information.

The current MLA guidelines teach a widely applicable skill. Once you become familiar with the core elements that should be included in each entry in the Works Cited list, you will be able to create documentation for almost any type of source.

If you include the core elements, in the proper order, using consistent punctuation, you will be fully equipped to create a list of works cited on your own.

Contributors' names and the last edited date can be found in the orange boxes at the top of every page on the OWL. Russell, Tony, et al. Purdue Online Writing Lab. According to Edward W.


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Jerz > Writing > Academic > [ Titles | Thesis Statements | Blueprinting | Quoting | Citing | MLA Format ] ) If you’ve been asked to submit a paper in MLA style, your instructor is asking you to format the page and present the content in a specific way.

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In the body of the essay you will use brief parenthetical references to point to a more detailed list of Works Cited at the end of the paper. Mind the following: Provide enough information in your in-text citation so that your reader finds the correct source in your Works Cited list.

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MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8 th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.

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