In early , Marti decided to launch a three-pronged invasion of Cuba to free the island, one of the incursions being from Florida. This attack from the US coast was thwarted by US officials, which resulted in the full-fledged attack being converted into mere guerrilla warfare, which did not have the required intensity.
This was followed by a slew of atrocities by the Spanish forces led by General Valeriano Weyler y Nicolau. Weyler's brutalities did not go down well with the American press in particular.
This was followed by a small riot ignited by some Spanish officers in Havana, who were not happy with the criticism of Spain in American newspapers. The targeted neighborhood had a substantial American population. The tension escalated when Spain deployed an armored cruiser, the Vizcaya , off the coast of New York City. In February , the Spanish sunk the Maine , orchestrating an explosion in its base, an allegation denied by Spain. McKinley soon requested the Congress to allocate an additional 50 million USD to refurbish the armed forces, to which the Congress instantly obliged.
The size of the army was rapidly expanded from a mere 28, men to a humongous , men within months. On April 11, , President McKinley requested the Congress for complete authority to ship American troops to Cuba with a motive of ending the persistent civil war. The resolution passed by the Senate and the House demanded complete Spanish withdrawal from Cuba, and authorized McKinley to make use of as much military as he thought necessary to liberate Cuba from Spain's clutches.
In response, Spain broke off all diplomatic and trade ties with the US, and declared war on April A war that began on the southeastern US coast soon took a global form, when it spread to other Spanish colonies, like Guam and Philippines. On the Filipino frontier, this war eventually led to the Philippine Revolution, which received the backing of the United States.
In June that year, the US along with the Filipino troops had taken control of a chunk of the islands from Spain. On June 12, , the independence of the Philippines was proclaimed. The island of Guam was later annexed to the US.
The evacuation, however, was not complete, and the army decided to keep the Ninth Infantry Regiment in Cuba to defend the newly liberated country. So, as an outcome of the war, the US temporarily occupied Cuba, and exercised colonial authorities over Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines, through the Treaty of Paris, signed on December 10, This war also laid a firm foundation for America's immense military strength and a naval capability that could span almost the entire world.
For Spain, the war proved to be disastrous, and further contributed to Spain's military and economic downfall in the twentieth century. Brief Description of the India-China War of Mexican War of Independence. Effects of the Persian Gulf War. The French and Indian War. McKinley gave Rowan a letter to be delivered to Garcia; Rowan took the letter and did not ask, "Where is he at?
It is not book-learning young men need, nor instruction about this and that, but a stiffening of the vertebrae which will cause them to be loyal to a trust, to act promptly, concentrate their energies: A Message to Garcia was originally published as filler without a title in the March issue of The Philistine , a periodical which, at that time, was written entirely by Elbert Hubbard.
One of these was George H. Daniels , a promotion-minded executive with the New York Central Railroad. Daniels reprinted the essay hundreds of thousands of times as part of the railroad's Four-Track Series of pamphlets. Hubbard's Roycroft Press, the publishing arm of an arts and crafts community he founded in East Aurora, New York, reprinted and sold the essay in a variety of bindings—suede, embossed, paperback, and so on—and as paid promotional literature for organizations as disparate as Wanamaker's department store, the Boy Scouts of America , and the United States Navy.
Modern editions are readily available today on the Internet. Calixto Garcia, a leader of the Cuban insurgents. How the 'fellow by the name of Rowan' took the letter, sealed it up in an oilskin pouch, strapped it over his heart, in four days landed by night off the coast of Cuba from an open boat, disappeared into the jungle, and in three weeks came out on the other side of the Island, having traversed a hostile country on foot, and delivered his letter to Garcia — are things I have no special desire now to tell in detail.
In fact, the only true statement Hubbard wrote was that Rowan "landed Wagner , head of the Military Information Division , who successfully petitioned Adj.
Henry Clark Corbin for permission to send spies to Cuba and Puerto Rico to gather military information. Wagner selected forty-year-old 1st Lt. Rowan to join Gen. Rowan's assignment was to keep the War Department informed as to "the strength, efficiency, movements and general military situation. He added that he was eager to return to the U. A passing sponging steamer carried them to Nassau, and from there they eventually sailed to Tampa, arriving on May Rowan had no sooner landed in Cuba on April 25 than details of his secret mission were splashed across the pages of America's newspapers.
It was learned that, while in Jamaica, Rowan had revealed this information to an Associated Press correspondent named Elmer Roberts. Had the news reports not made Rowan a popular hero, however falsely, Corbin might have had him court-martialed. Miles , commanding general of the army, and temporarily promoted to lieutenant-colonel in the 6th Regiment Volunteer Infantry. In , Hubbard claimed the essay had been reprinted over forty million times. In an oft-repeated story, Hubbard wrote that during the time "Mr.
When he got home he had the Message to Garcia translated into Russian, and a copy of the booklet given to every railroad employee in Russia," apparently unaware that at that time a large percentage of Russian railroad workers were illiterate. Khilkov was in the U. When Hubbard was writing about the Russian and Japanese translations, he also declared that the pamphlet traveled from Russia to "Germany, France, Spain, Turkey, Hindustan, and China," and claimed that the essay had been translated into "all written languages.
Czech, German, Romanian, Chinese, Korean, and other languages. The phrase "to carry a message to Garcia" was in common use for years to indicate taking initiative when carrying out a difficult assignment. A passage in the Boy Scouts Yearbook emphasizes the connection: There have been two movies based on the essay, both entitled, "A Message to Garcia".
It also details the significant events during the Spanish-American war. This paper describes the important terms, people and events of Spanish -American war. It examines the Spanish-Cuban Tensions and the Yellow Journalism of Spanish -American war. This paper also provides the American Imperialism and Treaty of Paris.
- The Spanish American War of One hundred years ago, in , the United States was fighting the Spanish-American War. The victory over Spain made the United States a colonial power. The Spanish colonies of Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines, as well as the formerly independent nation of Hawaii, became American possessions.
The Spanish-American War The Spanish-American War had a good many causes. The stated U.S. cause for war with Spain was the Cuban struggle for independence, American Imperialism was also another factor and the sinking of the Maine was a big factor as well/5(5). The Spanish American War Essay - The Spanish American War, also known as “The Splendid Little War,” was a short-lived conflict between the United States and Spain in This war was a pretext for the Philippines War.
The Spanish American War Essay Words | 4 Pages. The Spanish American War, also known as “The Splendid Little War,” was a short-lived conflict between the United States and Spain in This war was a pretext for the Philippines War. Spanish american war essay, - College essay application review service. Every time you visit our site and ask us to write my essays, we are more than happy to help you with that and assist during the whole process.