Using the alphanumeric format mentioned above requires that a Roman numeral be used for the general title of the first body paragraph. Capital letters are required for the subheadings under the title. Then Arabic numerals are used for subheadings revealing more detailed information on the topic.
Subheadings under this are illustrated by lower case letters. The following section illustrates how a body paragraph may look. Note that in this example, each level of the outline should be indented. The Roman numeral "II" would be on the left margin, and "A" and "B" would both be indented one tab, for example.
Overview of the Works of Classical Composers A. For topics that require even more subheadings, the Arabic numerals are placed in parentheses and the subheading under these require the lower case letters be placed in parentheses. If more subheadings are needed, than you may want to consider combining some of your topics so that there are not too many subheadings.
The following illustrates the subheadings don't forget the indentions of each level:. The conclusion to the research paper follows the same alphanumeric format. The topics outlined in this section does not extensively cite new research or expert opinion, but rather sums up the main ideas discussed in the paper to further prove the point the paper sought to make.
It also ends with a statement or quote that gives the reader information for further consideration. Regardless of the section, there are certain qualities that each part of the research paper outline should have. These include parallelism, equal relevance and multiple headings.
Parallelism means that if a title starts with a verb, all the other titles in the outline should start with a verb. Thus, in an outline about buying a car, the first title or topic of the body paragraph might be:. Note that the topics of A and B are of equal relevance. One is not more specific than the other. More detailed information should be described in the subheadings to each of the A and B headings.
Also, outlines should have multiple headings. Note again the example above. Under Look for New Cars Online there are two general subheadings. There should always be at least two subheadings for each topic. Besides the alphanumeric outline, a research paper outline may use decimal points. This can make it easier to see how one idea in a paragraph relates to another.
Below is an example of a decimal outline the same type of indention pattern as the body paragraph outline follows here:. A published writer since , Somer Taylor has authored two fiction books through PublishAmerica and has written for various websites. Types of Outlines for Writing Papers.
What Is a Research Paper Outline? They will be helpful in composing the best quality outline and, as a result, a great academic work. When you are finished with pre-writing activities, created a good research paper topic, you are more than ready to make an effective research paper outline.
An outline is a basement of your research paper from which you build up the whole paper. Each outline consists of three main parts the Introduction, the Body, and the Conclusion. For a successful and high-quality research paper, however, the more detailed outline you use the better.
Essay Editors that may help Ben M. The introduction is an important part of every academic work. It determines whether a reader is going to continue with your paper or just give it a rest.
An introduction should be intriguing, engaging, and informative, although without giving away too much. There are three main points that make an impressive Introduction:. The Body is the main part of the research paper outline you are writing. It has no volume limitation, as it is the biggest and main section of the paper.
The quantity of paragraphs for this part depends on overall requested volume of the research paper: All the evidence you have found during the research should go here. You state each idea and provide efficient evidence. Do not state something you have no ways of proving! Each statement you give has to be backed up with the proof. Do not forget about valid references and proper citation according to the required paper format. You can mention counterarguments to your ideas and provide evidence why they are not correct.
Opposing facts prove your deep knowledge on the topic and that you have really conducted a thorough research. This will show your commitment to the challenging tasks and create quite an impressive academic reputation. Do not forget about the style and the tone of your research paper, which you have stated in the introduction.
The paper should be consistent from the beginning to the very end. The manner, pattern, and techniques should be the same throughout the paper. However, remember to be creative and use various language techniques to make your paper interesting to read. Take into consideration that there is a high chance that your professor knows everything about the subject.
Nonetheless, your paper needs to be addressed to the reader unfamiliar with the topic and the thesis statement of your choice.
This again will show your deep knowledge on the matter. Be sure to explain everything clearly without sounding too dull in the process. The conclusive part of the research paper has to summarize the arguments so the readers digest the main idea and remember it for a long time. Remember that the main purpose of the research paper is to show your abilities to work by yourself and demonstrate the range of your knowledge on various topics. Creating a good outline is essential in a further composing of your research paper.
Make sure to take notes when conducting a research, do not be afraid to ask for assistance and read additional resources.
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An appropriate topic should be interesting to you and appeal to or provoke readers. After selecting a topic, take some time to figure out what kind of argument you want to support.
The broader your topic is, the more difficult it is to discuss the full details. This is why you should establish early on the scope and limitations of your paper which will provide the foundation for your research paper outline. Basically, your outline will constitute three main sections: the .
The research paper outline is essential for any article or term paper. The outline may make a great difference on how your work is interpreted.
The following outline shows a basic format for most academic papers. No matter what length the paper needs to be, it should still follow the format of having an introduction, body, and conclusion. An outline is a formal system used to develop a framework for thinking about what should be the organization and eventual contents of your paper. An outline helps .
The outline structure is approximately the same whether you write a research outline on dreams or some topic distant from this one, like a research outline for PhD application. The structure is identical to the structure of the research paper itself. 1 How To: Outlining a Research Paper Note for students: This document was prepared by Dr Amy Stuart for a class in which she requires a research paper related to air quality. I am providing it here to offer you some guidance on preparing a.