Fortunately, the final end of cold war came in the last decade of the 20th century and the world found herself living is an environment characterised by a new faith and commitment to peace, peaceful co-existence, peaceful conflict-resolution, liberalisation, cooperation for development and attempts at sustainable development.
The people began focusing their attention on the need for the protection of human rights of all, protection of environment and securing of a real and meaningful international integration. However several negative factors, ethnic conflict, ethnic violence, ethnic wars, terrorism in its several dimensions, neo-colonialism, hegemony n-hegemony and the like kept on acting as big hindrances. The need to secure peace by controlling these evils continues to be a primary aim of international community.
Crises have been repeatedly coming and these are bound to keep coming. This makes it very urgent for the humankind to prepare and act for managing crises through collective efforts and by the use of several devices. You must be logged in to post a comment. Does Peace Require Non-Violence? Six Models of Development. Price rise and unemployment also creates unrest among the people.
People often come forward to protest against these issues due to which the normal functioning of the society is disrupted. Terrorism is another factor that hampers the peaceful living of the people. Several terrorist attacks have been carried out in the past and the life of people has been disturbed owing to these. Some of these include the Brahmaputra mail train bombing, Coimbatore bombings, Mumbai bomb blasts, Varanasi blasts, Bangalore blast and Gurdaspur attack.
Communal riots such as the Moradabad Riots, Anti-Sikh Riots, Gujarat Riots and Muzaffarnagar riots have also caused mass destruction. The government as well as the citizens of the country must work together to bring about peace and harmony in the country. Peace and harmony are the building blocks of any society.
Only if there is peace and harmony in the country would there be growth and development. The government of the country makes every attempt to ensure peace and harmony in the country. However, it is often disrupted due to vested interests. Here is a look at these and also the instances when peace in the country was disturbed. Likewise, inflation, unemployment and inter-state issues have also led to disturbance in the society time and again.
There have been several instances when the peace and harmony of the country was disturbed. Some of these are as follows:. It is difficult to maintain peace and harmony in the country until each one of us is sensitized about its need and contributes towards the same. The government alone cannot ensure sense of brotherhood and amity in society.
Peace and harmony is very important for the smooth functioning of any society. In order to give a safe and secure environment to its citizens, the government of India takes steps to maintain peace in the country. However, often, it is disrupted due to different social, political and economic factors. Here is a look at these factors and the instances when peace and harmony of the country has been hampered. In an attempt to score partisan goals, political parties usually instigate people against them and this often leads to disturbances in the country.
Terrorist attacks disrupt peace and harmony in the country. Such attacks create a lot of panic among the people. Certain religious groups try to influence other people and force them to follow their religion or simply belittle other religions. This has led to communal violence many a times. Apart from these, inter-state issues, reservation system, price rise, poverty and unemployment also disrupt the peace and harmony in the country.
These communal riots occurred in and around Ranchi in August They continued for almost a week. Known to be the most deadly Hindu-Muslim riots after the Partition of India, these occurred during September-October These riots occurred on the issue of reservation between the members of Shiv Sena and Dalit Panther in Mumbai.
The Dalit Panther leader Bhagwat Jadhav was killed during this in Occurred during the August , these were partially a Hindu-Muslim clash and partially a Muslim-Police conflict. The riots began when Muslims threw stones at the police as they refused to remove pig from the local Idgah. And you, child, will be called prophet of the Most High, for you will go before the Lord to prepare his ways, to give his people knowledge of salvation through the forgiveness of their sins, because of the tender mercy of our God by which the daybreak from on high will visit us to shine on those who sit in darkness and death's shadow, to guide our feet into the path of peace.
Numerous pontifical documents on the Holy Rosary document a continuity of views of the Popes to have confidence in the Holy Rosary as a means to foster peace. Subsequently, to the Encyclical Mense maio,, in which he urged the practice of the Holy Rosary, "the prayer so dear to the Virgin and so much recommended by the Supreme Pontiffs," and as reaffirmed in the encyclical Christi Matri, , to implore peace, Pope Paul VI stated in the apostolic Recurrens mensis, October , that the Rosary is a prayer that favors the great gift of peace.
Islam derived from the root word salam which literally means peace. Muslims are called followers of Islam. Quran clearly stated "Those who have believed and whose hearts are assured by the remembrance of Allah. Unquestionably, by the remembrance of Allah, hearts are assured" and stated "O you who have believed, when you are told, "Space yourselves" in assemblies, then make space; Allah will make space for you.
And when you are told, "Arise," then arise; Allah will raise those who have believed among you and those who were given knowledge, by degrees. And Allah is Acquainted with what you do. Buddhists believe that peace can be attained once all suffering ends. They regard all suffering as stemming from cravings in the extreme, greed , aversions fears , or delusions.
To eliminate such suffering and achieve personal peace, followers in the path of the Buddha adhere to a set of teachings called the Four Noble Truths — a central tenet in Buddhist philosophy.
May there be peace in the heavens, peace in the atmosphere, peace on the earth. Let there be coolness in the water, healing in the herbs and peace radiating from the trees. Let there be harmony in the planets and in the stars, and perfection in eternal knowledge.
May everything in the universe be at peace. Let peace pervade everywhere, at all times. May I experience that peace within my own heart. Let us not concord with our own people, and concord with people who are strangers to us. Celestial Twins, create between us and the strangers a unity of hearts. May we unite in our minds, unite in our purposes, and not fight against the heavenly spirit within us.
Let not the battle-cry rise amidst many slain, nor the arrows of the war-god fall with the break of day. A superior being does not render evil for evil. This is a maxim one should observe One should never harm the wicked or the good or even animals meriting death. A noble soul will exercise compassion even towards those who enjoy injuring others or cruel deeds Who is without fault? Psychological or inner peace i.
Being internally "at peace" is considered by many to be a healthy mental state, or homeostasis and to be the opposite of feeling stressful, mentally anxious, or emotionally unstable. Within the meditative traditions, the psychological or inward achievement of "peace of mind" is often associated with bliss and happiness. Peace of mind, serenity, and calmness are descriptions of a disposition free from the effects of stress. Many such practices refer to this peace as an experience of knowing oneself.
An emphasis on finding one's inner peace is often associated with traditions such as Buddhism , Hinduism , and some traditional Christian contemplative practices such as monasticism ,  as well as with the New Age movement.
He deployed satyagraha techniques in campaigns for Indian independence and also during his earlier struggles in South Africa. The word satyagraha itself was coined through a public contest that Gandhi sponsored through the newspaper he published in South Africa, 'Indian Opinion', when he realized that neither the common, contemporary Hindu language nor the English language contained a word which fully expressed his own meanings and intentions when he talked about his nonviolent approaches to conflict.
According to Gandhi's autobiography, the contest winner was Maganlal Gandhi presumably no relation , who submitted the entry 'sadagraha', which Gandhi then modified to 'satyagraha'. Etymologically, this Hindic word means 'truth-firmness', and is commonly translated as 'steadfastness in the truth' or 'truth-force'.
Satyagraha theory also influenced Martin Luther King Jr. The theory of satyagraha sees means and ends as inseparable. Therefore, it is contradictory to try to use violence to obtain peace. I would say, 'means are, after all, everything'. As the means so the end Muste , sums it up: Since classical times, it has been noted that peace has sometimes been achieved by the victor over the vanquished by the imposition of ruthless measures.
In his book Agricola the Roman historian Tacitus includes eloquent and vicious polemics against the rapacity and greed of Rome. One, that Tacitus says is by the Caledonian chieftain Calgacus , ends Auferre trucidare rapere falsis nominibus imperium, atque ubi solitudinem faciunt, pacem appellant.
To ravage, to slaughter, to usurp under false titles, they call empire; and where they make a desert, they call it peace. Discussion of peace is therefore at the same time a discussion on the form of such peace. Is it simple absence of mass organized killing war or does peace require a particular morality and justice? More recently, advocates for radical reform in justice systems have called for a public policy adoption of non-punitive, non-violent Restorative Justice methods, and many of those studying the success of these methods, including a United Nations working group on Restorative Justice , have attempted to re-define justice in terms related to peace.
From the late s on, a Theory of Active Peace has been proposed  which conceptually integrates justice into a larger peace theory. The longest continuing period of neutrality among currently existing states is observed in Switzerland , which has had an official policy of neutrality and general peace since for years as of Pacifism is the categorical opposition to the behaviors of war or violence as a means of settling disputes or of gaining advantage.
Pacifism covers a spectrum of views ranging from the belief that international disputes can and should all be resolved via peaceful behaviors; to calls for the abolition of various organizations which tend to institutionalize aggressive behaviors, such as the military, or arms manufacturers; to opposition to any organization of society that might rely in any way upon governmental force. Such groups which sometimes oppose the governmental use of force include anarchists and libertarians.
Absolute pacifism opposes violent behavior under all circumstance, including defense of self and others. Pacifism may be based on moral principles a deontological view or pragmatism a consequentialist view.
Principled pacifism holds that all forms of violent behavior are inappropriate responses to conflict, and are morally wrong. Pragmatic pacifism holds that the costs of war and inter-personal violence are so substantial that better ways of resolving disputes must be found. Pacifists in general reject theories of Just War. Pacifism tends to place its initial focus on the need for a "peaceful behavior" ahead of any focus on the need for a "peaceful inner disposition.
The United Nations UN is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and achieving world peace. The UN was founded in after World War II to replace the League of Nations, to stop wars between countries, and to provide a platform for dialogue.
The UN, after approval by the Security Council , sends peacekeepers to regions where armed conflict has recently ceased or paused to enforce the terms of peace agreements and to discourage combatants from resuming hostilities. Since the UN does not maintain its own military, peacekeeping forces are voluntarily provided by member states of the UN. The forces, also called the "Blue Helmets", who enforce UN accords are awarded United Nations Medals , which are considered international decorations instead of military decorations.
The peacekeeping force as a whole received the Nobel Peace Prize in The principal forerunner of the United Nations was the League of Nations. The high hopes widely held for the League in the s, for example amongst members of the League of Nations Union , gave way to widespread disillusion in the s as the League struggled to respond to challenges from Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy, and Japan.
Like many of the other British enthusiasts for the League, such as Gilbert Murray and Florence Stawell - the so-called "Greece and peace" set - he came to this from the study of the classics.
The creation of the League of Nations, and the hope for informed public opinion on international issues expressed for example by the Union for Democratic Control during World War I , also saw the creation after World War I of bodies dedicated to understanding international affairs, such as the Council on Foreign Relations in New York and the Royal Institute of International Affairs at Chatham House in London. At the same time, the academic study of international relations started to professionalize, with the creation of the first professorship of international politics, named for Woodrow Wilson, at Aberystwyth , Wales, in The late 19th century idealist advocacy of peace which led to the creation of the Nobel Peace Prize , the Rhodes Scholarships , the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace , and ultimately the League of Nations , also saw the re-emergence of the ancient Olympic ideal.
Led by Pierre de Coubertin , this culminated in the holding in of the first of the modern Olympic Games.
ADVERTISEMENTS: Essay on Peace: Need and Importance of Peace! The issue of war and peace has always been a focal issue in all periods of history and at all levels relations among nations. The concern of the humankind for peace can be assessed by taking into account the fact that all religions, all religious scriptures [ ].
It can be as simple as lighting a peace candle, engaging in prayer and meditation on peace, working with children and families to create peaceful ways of living and relating. This is the work of a lifetime.
What peace means to me In a country, Peace is a term that most commonly refers to an absence of aggression, violence or hostility. In the world where all countries have separate identities, but need to coexist in a peaceful environment, it is very important to write a Peace Essay. Peace Essays promote the cause of international relation, where citizens of all countries of the world share the common objective of peace and tranquility. A Peace Essay can have.
Essays - largest database of quality sample essays and research papers on Essay On Peace. The Tenets of Democratic Peace Theory - For centuries, people all over the world have sought the idea of everlasting global peace. The basic framework of this idea was given by Immanuel Kant in his essay “On Perpetual Peace”.