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The Complete SAT Essay Grading Rubric: Item-by-Item Breakdown

The response makes appropriate use of textual evidence quotations, paraphrases, or both , demonstrating an understanding of the source text. The response is free of errors of fact or interpretation with regard to the text. The response makes skillful use of textual evidence quotations, paraphrases, or both , demonstrating a complete understanding of the source text.

You'll need to show your understanding of the text on two different levels: One of the most important ways you can show you've actually read the passage is making sure you stick to what is said in the text. For instance, take this quotation from a made-up passage about why a hot dog is not a sandwich:. The author builds his argument by discussing how, since hot-dogs are often served cut in half, this makes them different from sandwiches.

The paraphrase contradicts the passage, and so would negatively affect your reading score. Now let's look at an accurate paraphrasing of the quotation:. The author builds his argument by discussing how, since hot-dogs are never served cut in half, they are therefore different from sandwiches.

It's also important to be faithful to the text when you're using direct quotations from the passage. The next step beyond being factually accurate about the passage is showing that you understand the central ideas of the text and how details of the passage relate back to this central idea. Why does this matter? In order to be able to explain why the author is persuasive, you need to be able to explain the structure of the argument.

Here's an example of a statement about our fictional "hot dogs are sandwiches" passage that shows understanding of the central idea of the passage:. The above statement takes one step beyond merely being factually accurate to explain the relation between different parts of the passage in this case, the relation between the "what is cereal milk?

This leads directly into the next grading area of the SAT Essay. The items covered under this criterion are the most important when it comes to writing a strong essay. You can use well-spelled vocabulary in sentences with varied structure all you want, but if you don't analyze the author's argument, demonstrate critical thinking, and support your position, you will not get a high Analysis score.

The response offers little or no analysis or ineffective analysis of the source text and demonstrates little or no understanding of the analytic task. The response contains little or no support for claim s or point s made, or support is largely irrelevant. The response may not focus on features of the text that are relevant to addressing the task,. Or the response offers no discernible analysis e.

The response offers limited analysis of the source text and demonstrates only partial understanding of the analytical task. The response contains little or no support for claim s or point s made.

The response may lack a clear focus on those features of the text that are most relevant to addressing the task. The response offers an effective analysis of the source text and demonstrates an understanding of the analytical task. The response contains relevant and sufficient support for claim s or point s made. The response offers an insightful analysis of the source text and demonstrates a sophisticated understanding of the analytical task.

The response contains relevant, sufficient, and strategically chosen support for claim s or point s made. The response focuses consistently on those features of the text that are most relevant to addressing the task. Because this category is so important, I've broken it down even further into its two different but equally important component parts to make sure everything is as clearly explained as possible. Critical thinking, also known as critical reasoning, also known as logic, is the skill that SAT essay graders are really looking to see displayed in the essay.

You need to be able to evaluate and analyze the claim put forward in the prompt. Write an essay in which you explain how Hodgman builds an argument to persuade his audience that the hot dog cannot, and never should be, considered a sandwich.

An answer to this prompt that does not display critical thinking and would fall into a 1 or 2 on the rubric would be something like:. While this does evaluate the prompt by providing a statement that the author's claim "is persuasive to the reader" , there is no corresponding analysis.

An answer to this prompt that displays critical thinking and would net a higher score on the rubric could be something like this:. The author uses analogies to hammer home his point that hot dogs are not sandwiches. Because the readers will readily believe the first part of the analogy is true, they will be more likely to accept that the second part that hot dogs aren't sandwiches is true as well.

Critical thinking involves reasoning your way through a situation analysis as well as making a judgement evaluation. The other piece of the puzzle apparently this is a tiny puzzle is making sure you are able to back up your point of view and critical thinking with concrete evidence.

Let's take a look of an example of how you might support an interpretation of the author's effect on the reader using facts from the passage: The reader cannot help but see the parallels between the two situations and thus find themselves agreeing with the author on this point.

Does the author's reference to King Solomon actually "elevate the debate," causing the reader to agree with the author? From the sentences above, it certainly seems plausible that it might. Did I just blow your mind? Your Writing score on the SAT essay is not just a reflection of your grasp of the conventions of written English although it is that as well. You'll also need to be focused, organized, and precise. The response demonstrates little or no cohesion and inadequate skill in the use and control of language.

The response lacks a recognizable introduction and conclusion. The response does not have a discernible progression of ideas. The response lacks variety in sentence structures; sentence structures may be repetitive. The response demonstrates general and vague word choice; word choice may be poor or inaccurate. The response may lack a formal style and objective tone.

The response demonstrates little or no cohesion and limited skill in the use and control of language. The response may lack a clear central claim or controlling idea or may deviate from the claim or idea over the course of the response. The response may demonstrate some progression of ideas within paragraphs but not throughout the response. The response has limited variety in sentence structures; sentence structures may be repetitive. The response demonstrates general or vague word choice; word choice may be repetitive.

The response may deviate noticeably from a formal style and objective tone. The response is mostly cohesive and demonstrates effective use and control of language.

The response includes an effective introduction and conclusion. The response demonstrates a clear progression of ideas both within paragraphs and throughout the essay.

The response has variety in sentence structures. The response demonstrates some precise word choice. The response maintains a formal style and objective tone. The response shows a good control of the conventions of standard written English and is free of significant errors that detract from the quality of writing. The response is cohesive and demonstrates a highly effective use and command of language.

The response includes a skillful introduction and conclusion. The response demonstrates a deliberate and highly effective progression of ideas both within paragraphs and throughout the essay.

The response has a wide variety in sentence structures. The response demonstrates a consistent use of precise word choice. The response shows a strong command of the conventions of standard written English and is free or virtually free of errors. Because there's a lot of different factors that go into calculating your Writing score, I've divided the discussion of this rubric area into five separate items:.

One of the most basic rules of the SAT essay is that you need to express a clear opinion on the "assignment" the prompt. This is a nice, vague statement that leaves you a lot of wiggle room. If you disagree with the author, it's also a way of avoiding having to say that the author is persuasive.

Don't fall into this trap! The author effectively builds his argument that hot dogs are not sandwiches by using logic, allusions to history and mythology, and factual evidence. In contrast to the vague claim that "There are a variety of ways in which the author builds his argument," this thesis both specifies what the author's argument is and the ways in which he builds the argument that you'll be discussing in the essay. While it's extremely important to make sure your essay has a clear point of view, strong critical reasoning, and support for your position, that's not enough to get you a top score.

What does this mean? Part of the way you can make sure your essay is "well organized" has to do with following standard essay construction points. Don't write your essay in one huge paragraph; instead, include an introduction with your thesis stating your point of view , body paragraphs one for each example, usually , and a conclusion. This structure might seem boring, but it really works to keep your essay organized, and the more clearly organized your essay is, the easier it will be for the essay grader to understand your critical reasoning.

The second part of this criteria has to do with keeping your essay focused, making sure it contains "a deliberate and highly effective progression of ideas. The sample rubrics below address discussion, eportfolios, group projects, blogs, wikis, and more! Podcast Rubric Ann Bell's rubric helps students assess what makes a good podcast.

PowerPoint Rubric 10 performance categories. Oral Presentation Rubric Word doc. Contributions are rated on originality, comprehension, and clarity. Oral Presentation Checklist 4Teachers. Oral Presentation Midlink Magazine's assessment of 6 performance areas middle school. Wiki Rubric Criteria for assessing individual and group Wiki contributions. Blog Rubric Assess individual blog entries, including comments on peers' blogs.

Twitter Rubric Assess learning during social networking instructional assignments. Online Discussion Board Rubric Criteria for assessing ability to share perspectives, refine thoughts through the writing process, and participate in meaningful discussion Primary Grade Self-Evaluation Teamwork Rubric PDF Features of a sandwich to graphically show the criteria. Upper Elementary Teamwork Rubric Karen Franker's rubric includes six defined criteria for assessing team and individual responsibility.

Web Page Rubric Joan Vandervelde's rubric details 9 categories for evaluating a web page. Multimedia Project Midlnk Magazine's rubric includes self and teacher evaluation column.

Research Process Rubric - Elementary Karen Franker's rubric to assess planning, gathering, organizing and citing information in grades Holistic Critical Thinking Rubric pdf Critical thinking and skills used to problem solve. Rubric for Research Process Joyce Valenza's rubric assesses 5 research performance areas for high school students. Research Process Reflection Joyce Valenza's Question Brainstormer encourages students to ask focus questions and reflect on the research process.

Information Summary Rubric High school or college level. Writing Projects Includes rubrics for essay questions, logs, journal writing, and lab write-ups. Research Paper Rubric Word doc. Rubric for Scoring Effective Writing Word doc.

Persuasive Essay Rubric Word doc Mr. History and Government class rubric: Rubrics for Middle School Includes invention report, book talk, persuasive essay and autobiographical event essay. Math Rubrics 4 levels of math understanding with performance criteria. Science Rubric pdf Performance criteria for use of scientific tools, science reasoning and strategies, science concepts and use of data and communication.

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This rubric delineates specific expectations about an essay assignment to students and provides a means of assessing completed student essays.

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Essay Rubric Directions: Your essay will be graded based on this rubric. Consequently, use this rubric as a guide when writing your essay and check it again before you submit your essay. Traits 4 3 2 1.

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Check out these free essay writing rubrics. I made them myself. Narrative or persuasive essay rubrics, research paper rubrics, and more! Five-Paragraph Essay Writing Rubric Criteria 4 3 2 1 Points Introductory Paragraph Thesis statement/topic idea sentence is clear, correctly placed, and restated in the closing sentence. Your three supporting ideas are briefly mentioned. Thesis statement/topic idea sentence is either unclear or.

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Find information about Writing an Essay Rubric and about different types of Essay Rubric here. Get all information you want with ProfEssays. An essay rubric is a way teachers assess students' essay writing by using specific criteria to grade assignments. Essay rubrics save teachers time because all of the criteria are listed and organized into one convenient paper. If used effectively, rubrics can help improve students' writing. The best.