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The U.S. Patriot Act

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Introduction
The Patriot Act: Unethical and Wrong
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Failing to take strong measures to defend our nation against future attacks would amount to suicide. Patriot Act is an important part of the nation's efforts to fight back to defend freedom and liberty. The ACLU has also influenced Congress to limit the sharing of information obtained through wire-tapping. The Act has removed major barriers between communications of law enforcement, intelligence and national defense communities from talking and coordinating their work, to protecting the American people and national security.

Senator John Edwards D-NC said about the Patriot Act, "We cannot prevail in the battle against terrorism if the right hand of our government has no idea what the left hand is doing. Palestinian Islamic Jihad is responsible for the murder of over innocent people including a young American, Alisa Flatow, who was killed in a tragic bus bombing incident in the Gaza strip. The Patriot Act assisted by enabling the full sharing of information and advice about the case among prosecutors and investigators.

Such sharing of information leads to concrete detail. One section of the government may have not had enough substantial evidence to evict this murderer by itself. This gives the government a long enough leash that allows them to have a stronger hold on cases such as these. It targets individuals and groups based on their advocacy and association rather than based on legitimate law-enforcement concerns.

From the beginning, Democratic and Republican critics of the Patriot Act warned that its extraordinary surveillance powers would be used to investigate political dissent or low-level offenses rather than terrorism. Studies have proven that Americans feel as if the Patriot Act allows the Government to spy on them rather than use the provisions of the act in a lawful manner http: Since when do we allow the government to violate our right of guarded protection from unreasonable search?

Sixteen year old Ashton Lundeby speaks of his story during an interview with WRAL and how insulted he and his mother were after the government searched his home for suspecting a bomb threat http: Next, it is important to consider how the Patriot Act has affected people of different cultures. Consider the experiences of many Muslim students.

Once an avenue to extracurricular activities, Muslim student organizations are now widely shunned. The few students who remain active members say they are often reluctant to debate international political issues, or to question university policy lest they draw the attention of government authorities. Fear of government surveillance under the Patriot Act has scared off many international students who want to study in the U.

This loss of foreign talent has diluted the richness of campus diversity for all students, inhibited academic collaboration and deprived America of a traditional means of fostering better international relations through the presence of foreign students on its college campuses.

A friend of mine and her family are Arabic and practice the religious views of Muslims. The effects of the Patriot Act go way beyond just the Government. The Patriot Act needlessly jeopardizes our fundamental constitutional values, including freedom of speech, association and religion, privacy and due process. For example, cops cannot search a person suspected of murder without having something to link them to the crime, so why should this precedent not be upheld in crimes of terrorism?

Terrorism is a crime just like murder, rape, fraud, robbery, and so many others; The Patriot Act should uphold the practices of America since the Colonial days. For example, accusing passengers on a plane for their dark skin contradicts American civil liberties http: Everything starts at a beginning and continues to progress. If citizens are being discriminated against and taken their rights taken away by the Government, what will happen to the nation in the next ten years?

How can America have the audacity to call itself a free country? In conclusion, the controversy over the Patriot Act should come to an end.

The simple truth is that the Patriot Act is in need of revision. To get rid of the act completely would be devastating in fighting the war against terrorism. To keep the Patriot Act without any revisions at all would be complete tyranny.

America has to find the balance between freedom and safety without one overpowering the other. Revising the Patriot Act is essential in ensuring the protection of all citizens, without hindering his or her rights in any way, shape, or form.

The Act has been renewed with the intention of making America a safe place, free of all terrorist activities. Changes in the Act were needed for protecting civil liberties also. However, it is criticized that executive branch has been given wide powers. It is believed by the American administration that terrorists are still capable of attacking American interests and shore. The changed bill support law enforcement agencies in using the tools provided by the Act not only in terrorism but also monitor and check illicit drug activities aiming to protect civil rights of Americans.

Moreover, Act provides tools to protect American infrastructure including possible attacks by terrorists on seaports, airports, and transportation system. Due to excess extra powers given in the act, especially in the 'sneak and peek' sections in which government is allowed to tape phone of any American, Act has been renewed to limit the governmental powers in acquiring information from those individuals who are being the focus of investigations for terrorism.

Currently three powers are due to expire and government is planning to renew these clauses so a continuous support remains intact. Among these possible changes is that government while checking business records, probing libraries and medical records should ensure that records are directly related to foreign intelligence and investigation. Secret courts also known as FISA courts should be allowed to issue warrants to electronically monitor a suspect terrorist.

Reason for allowing FISA courts such powers is to support authorities in finding a link between investigations being performed with any illegal international group.

As already mentioned, wide powers have been given to the administration to perform their tasks of protecting nation from any foreign and domestic threat. The Patriot Act allows detaining non-citizens in America without any charge holding for an indefinite period.

The issues that led to include this provision are the formation of beliefs about any non-citizen living in America and whose actions could cause a threat to national security. Therefore, this measure is considered as a pro-active approach adopted in the Act. It is pertinent to highlight that any peaceful group, dissenting from the governmental policies, cannot be targeted by the authorities to be charged as involved in domestic terrorism.

It means only such activities come under the purview of Act that violates the state or federal laws and dangerous to national security as well as human life. The aim of renewing Act is to support American government in protecting people from enemies, ensuring civil liberties for everyone.

Effective functioning of Armed forces is dependent on successful intelligence information. Without concrete information, forces are unable to strike enemy and accomplish their objectives. For this purpose, strategies designed by the Armed forces are based on intelligence, effective communication, and adequate information. Therefore, Patriot Act facilitates Armed Forces to acquire necessary information. Furthermore, American President also needs ample information to conduct domestic and international affairs.

Through Patriot Act, a smooth flow of solid information can be provided to Presidential office for managing its affairs. The paper has shown the significance and main theme of 'U.

Significance of Patriot Act

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The Patriot Act was created with the noble intention of finding and prosecuting international terrorists operating on American soil; however, the unfortunate consequences of the Act have been drastic.

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Body of the Paper The US Patriot Act. The patriot act was overwhelmingly passed by the US senate on October 25, by 98 to 1, a vote that actually showed how much the amendments on the national security bill were inevitable. The act has been in place for .

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Patriot Act On September 11, , al Qaeda terrorists, wielding box cutters, skyjacked and then crashed jets into the World Trade Center and Pentagon. Exactly 45 days later, on October 26, , President George W. Bush signed Public Law – Description: A research paper on the Patriot Act written in examining what it means for liberty and security in the US.

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The USA Patriot Act of Research Papers evaluate the events of September 11 , and the act that came into play shortly after which changed immigration laws among others. Research papers on the USA Patriot Act of can focus on any aspect of the Act. Transcript of The Patriot Act Research Paper The Patriot Act Research Paper By: Lauren Armstrong, Rana Barakat, Nick Kirkland, and Michael Fulton Introduction Body Our Thesis While the Patriot Act does protect against terrorism, it hinders one's inalienable rights and is gravely in need of revision.