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❶The reasons for writing are to inform, to explain or to persuade.

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10 famous speeches in English and what you can learn from them
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Images should be used appropriately. If you're talking numbers, use graphs. If you're talking emotions, paint a picture. The best actors are equally effective if not more so in between their lines. Write pauses, or beats, when you really want a point to sink in.

People will automatically take notice -- looking, straightening up and cocking their head to the side and actually hearing the silence. Now that's commanding a room. Speeches need to be natural - not read off of a paper. And when you talk, you have pauses.

This is not slowing you down or showing your weakness, it shows that you have this down so well, you're talking about it like an old pro. Start off with a strong introduction. Open with a big statement that will grab the attention of the audience. Remember that engaging hook we talked about? That goes in now.

Dive right in, getting personal and showing your human side. Opening with important remarks or quotes will immediately establish credibility. Just don't use Merriam Webster as your go-to expert; avoid cliches at all costs. Use inclusive terms for individuals. Your audience will feel more included and a sense of belonging. If "we" feel that way, they'll feel the pressure to feel that way, too.

In a speech by Nelson Mandela, he started off with, "Today we celebrate not the victory of a party, but a victory for all the people of South Africa. Build the body of the speech. This part should contain the main points of the issue and support for each one. That list you made earlier? Narrow it down to about three. Which ones are the most convincing?

Start off with your strongest point. You want the audience to start off seeing zero holes through your argument. Get them on your side before they get the chance to nitpick what you have to say. Put your weakest argument in the middle. You're sandwiching it here to make it the most forgettable. And, indeed, it will be. End with your second strongest argument. You want to vamp it up a notch towards the end.

Reel them back in, rounding out your argument with your last piece of evidence. Be aware of your transitions. Build clear and sensible transitions from one thought to the next. The biggest mistake speakers and writers make is to assume people will follow leaps of logic -- place, time or changes of ideas.

Spell out to the audience when you are taking a turn in your thoughts with phrases like: Transitions should not only go in between points in the body, but also after the introduction and into the conclusion. Again, your speech is one cohesive work, not a series of points that work independently. Show your audience that by transitioning clearly. End with a firm conclusion.

Conclude with a powerful nail-down, summarizing what you came here to say. Leave them with a question or thoughts of implications; leave them with something -- what do you want that something to be?

Make the audience recall and get on the mainline. Be sure they leave with the ideas you don't want them to forget. Give your audience a sense of completion in what you write. Bring them back to the beginning, but with a louder spirit -- after all, they have all the knowledge necessary to be passionate now, too. This can be done by starting the last paragraph with a strong, declarative sentence that re-makes your point. Deliver it to someone. This will be the most beneficial thing you can possibly do.

Try to get someone that's as similar to your audience as possible. If they have a similar background, there's a better chance of them having the same impression. Ask them for feedback. Did they find anything confusing? What questions were they left with?

Did they follow your logic and end up agreeing with you? What impression were they left with? Often when we write things, there's a much easier way to say the exact same thing.

Go over your work with an eye for this. Take each sentence as it stands -- could you make it more crystal? If you're not clear, you could have a good point that goes unappreciated or completely missed. Clarity is possibly the most important quality to look for in your work.

Ensure your tone is constant and appropriate. If it sounds like three different people wrote it, it'll be difficult to follow. What's more, if you slip into language that's condescending or simply over their heads, you're in an equally hard place. How will the audience find your speech? Don't be tempted to get crass or nasty to get their attention.

It'll work, but after you stop the finger-pointing and yelling, they'll tune you out completely. Write out your final draft. Once you have all the content ready, get it in its final form. This is where you may want to start employing tactics for delivery. Write in your pauses. Though the speech should not be directly read from, rehearsing from it with pauses written in will help you remember when you are actually delivering it.

Write in body cues. Though these ultimately need to be natural and can't be scripted, making little notes where you might want to emphasize a point with your body be it with your face, hand, etc. Outline the speech on notecards. Since you won't be reading your speech, it's a good idea to have a written outline of the presentation as a reference so you don't leave something out..

Start with an interesting line that will catch your audience's attention or surprise them. This will make you more approachable and your speech more relatable. It will draw your audience in and keep them captivated. Not Helpful 34 Helpful A question is a great way to start a speech. Follow up the question with some facts that prove your argument, then conclude your speech by answering the question you started with.

Not Helpful 23 Helpful It's okay to use basically any form of speech in a speech, as it is simply talking when you think about it. The key is to match the message to the audience, so bear that in mind when writing it. Not Helpful 33 Helpful The format of a speech is the introduction, the body, and lastly, the conclusion. Not Helpful 36 Helpful Yes, you should use pronouns in your speech.

For example, after you mention someone by name, like "Eloise Smith," you can replace the name with "she" to avoid repeating the name too often. Not Helpful 25 Helpful Start out with your introduction on modeling. What makes you interested in it? Include three points about it. Fill the next three paragraphs explaining these three points, and the fourth, last paragraph drawing your conclusion on modeling.

Acknowledge the sadness of the event and what people can do to help prevent something like this again. For example, if the event was a forest fire that was caused by human contact, you can speak about making sure campfires are fully out before leaving, or that cigarettes should be banned from the woods.

If the event was caused by harmful behavior, like an unlawful attack on people, you can explain how guns can be dangerous and how we can better resolve issues.

Not Helpful 19 Helpful First of all, do your research. Learn as much as you can about this animal, even if you don't really care much about that animal in the beginning, your research will tell you something that might interest you. Leading you to also be a bit passionate when you speak. Use intriguing facts and statistics, and some funny ones. Have an overall message, something you want the people listening to your speech to take away with them, such as why it is important to spay cats, why it is vital to care for orangutans in palm plantations or why it is crucial to protect animals in peri-urban areas.

Sometimes, it can be a simple "for example" or "for instance. Not Helpful 13 Helpful Research as much as you can and assemble your notes properly. Then, write your speech to sound more normal and a little less factual. Make sure you are well prepared and taught in your subject of science.

Not Helpful 22 Helpful How do I write a speech about space? Im also having trouble how to write the conclusion. Answer this question Flag as How to begin my speech on importance of value education what should be the content. What do I need to do to get started on this kind of life style. Which types of speeches are really interesting?

How can my speech introduction be like for Nature? But it would leave unresolved the questions that have already cost the country so much in anguish, division and uncertainty. More important, it would leave a permanent crack in our Constitutional structure: His political support evaporated overnight.

Impeachment became a certainty: It was late November , and President Kennedy had begun a two-day, five-city tour of Texas. After a speedy minute flight from Fort Worth, a motorcade picked up JFK at the Dallas airport and took him on a ten-mile tour through downtown. The president was bound for the Trade Mart, where he was scheduled to speak at a luncheon. He never made it. Those voices are inevitable. But today other voices are heard in the land—voices preaching doctrines wholly unrelated to reality, wholly unsuited to the sixties, doctrines which apparently assume that words will suffice without weapons, that vituperation is as good as victory and that peace is a sign of weakness.

And the notion that this Nation is headed for defeat through deficit, or that strength is but a matter of slogans, is not but just plain nonsense. It will never be used to promote provocations—it will always be used to promote the peaceful settlement of disputes. A real life, not a manic pursuit of the next promotion, the bigger paycheck, the larger house. Get a life in which you notice the smell of salt water pushing itself on a breeze over Seaside Heights, a life in which you stop and watch how a red-tailed hawk circles over the water gap or the way a baby scowls with concentration when she tries to pick up a Cheerio with her thumb and first finger.

It is so easy to waste our lives: It is so easy to exist instead of live. Rather, it promoted missile defense as an upgraded security strategy. Of the few lines released publicly, one read:. Philippine Senator Benigno Aquino Jr. Years later, Aquino made his way out of prison and exiled himself in the United States. In , upon hearing that life in the Philippines was getting worse, Aquino returned home to help. He came armed with a stirring speech:.

I seek no confrontation. I only pray and will strive for a genuine national reconciliation founded on justice. A death sentence awaits me.

Two more subversion charges, both calling for death penalties, have been filled since I left three years ago and are now pending with the courts. I return voluntarily armed only with a clear conscience and fortified faith that in the end justice will emerge triumphant. According to Gandhi, the willing sacrifice of the innocent is the most powerful answer to insolent tyranny that has yet been conceived by God and man.

Aquino never read the address. Over armed soldiers awaited his landing. He was immediately arrested and, while waiting for his prison escort, was shot in the head. America soiled its collective pants October 22, Other options, however, were on the table—a second, more aggressive, address announced plans for an airstrike. A flurry of press conferences followed as the Romney camp tried to patch the damage.

Later in September, an undelivered speech was leaked to the Wall Street Journal. This is a national scandal. I want fewer Americans to need food stamps. The Palin and McCain camps constantly clashed along the campaign trail. We were ready, in defeat, to return to a place and a life we love.

Now, at least, he can clear his schedule, and get ready for championship title number five in the Iron Dog snow machine race!. But far from returning to the great State of Alaska with any sense of sorrow, we will carry with us the best of memories.

Now it is time for us go our way, neither bitter nor vanquished, but instead confident in the knowledge that there will be another day… and we may gather once more. April 12, , was a beautiful day in Warm Springs, Georgia. But during lunch, a bolt of pain shot through the back of his head, causing him to collapse. Roosevelt had edited the speech the night before. It was an address for Jefferson Day, a celebration of Thomas Jefferson, and was supposed to be delivered April 13 via a national radio broadcast.

The work, my friends, is peace, more than an end of this war—an end to the beginning of all wars, yes, an end, forever, to this impractical, unrealistic settlement of the differences between governments by the mass killing of peoples. Today as we move against the terrible scourge of war—as we go forward toward the greatest contribution that any generation of human beings can make in this world—the contribution of lasting peace—I ask you to keep up your faith.

The only limit to our realization of tomorrow will be our doubts of today. Let us move forward with strong and active faith. One day before the invasion, he prepared a brief speech just in case:


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What this handout is about This handout will help you create an effective speech by establishing the purpose of your speech and making it easily understandable. It will also help you to analyze your audience and keep the audience interested. Continued.

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