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Writing a First Draft

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❶Just like a puzzle, you can physically rearrange parts of your writing. This can save you time and keep you focused on the essence of your essay without being distracted by secondary details.

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The sentence stating the main point is called a thesis. For information on thesis development , click here. Ideally, the sentences leading to the thesis should hook the reader, perhaps with one of the following: Such hooks are particularly important when you cannot assume your reader's interest in the subject. Hooks are less necessary in scholarly essays and other writing aimed at readers with a professional interest in the subject.

Before drafting the body of an essay, take a careful look at your introduction, focusing especially on your thesis sentence. What does the thesis promise readers?

Try to keep this focus in mind. It is a good idea to have a plan in mind as well. If your thesis sentence outlines a plan or if you have sketched a preliminary outline, try to block out your paragraphs accordingly. Conclusion, including a summary of your three main points, a restatement of your thesis, and concluding statements or thoughts. Have a thesis statement. If you are creating a rough draft for an academic essay or paper, you should have a thesis statement.

Your thesis statement should let readers know what you are going to argue or discuss in your paper. It should act as the road map for your essay, and illustrate how you are going to address the essay question or prompt. Thesis statements are one line long and should contain an assertion, where you state an argument for discussion. Include a list of sources. Your outline should also include a list of sources that you are going to use for your essay.

You should have several sources that you read during your research that you can them list in a bibliography or list of references. This step is only necessary if you are writing an academic essay or paper. You will need to organize your sources based on either style.

Find a quiet, focused environment for writing. Eliminate any distractions around you by finding a quiet spot at school, in the library, or at home. Turn off your cellphone or put it on mute.

Switch off your wi-fi and opt for pen and paper if you tend to get distracted by games on your computer. Creating a quiet spot for writing will ensure you can focus on your rough draft. You may also put on some classical or jazz music in the background to set the scene and bring a snack to your writing area so you have something to munch on as you write.

Start in the middle. It can be intimidating to try to come up with a great opening paragraph or a killer first line. Instead, start in the middle of the essay or story.

Maybe you begin by tackling the body sections of your essay first or maybe you start with the moment of complication for your protagonist. Starting in the middle can make it easier to get words down on the page. Many writing guides advise writing your introductory paragraph last, as you will then be able to create a great introduction based on the piece as a whole.

Do not worry about making mistakes. A rough draft is not the time to try being perfect. Get messy during the rough draft process and be okay if you make mistakes or if the draft is not completely there yet. Write through clunky phrases and awkward sentences until you get into a flow. You can then address these issues once you have finished the rough draft. Do not examine every word before moving on to the next word or edit as you go. Instead, focus on moving forward with the rough draft and getting your ideas down on the page.

Use the active voice. You should also try to get into the habit of always using the active voice in your writing, even in your rough drafts.

Avoid passive voice , as passive voice can end up sounding bland and boring to your reader. Active voice allows you to be direct, clear, and concise in your writing, even at the drafting stages. Refer to your outline when you get stuck. If you find you get stuck during the rough draft process, do not be afraid to lean on your outline and your brainstorming materials.

Maybe you refer back to your outline to remember which content you are including in a certain point in the plot or in the body section of your essay. You may also review the brainstorming materials you created before you sat down to write, such as your clustering exercise or your freewrite.

Reviewing these materials could help to guide you as you write and help you focus on finishing the rough draft. Going for a walk, taking a nap, or even doing the dishes can help you focus on something else and give your brain a rest. You can then start writing again with a fresh approach after your break. Read over your rough draft and revise it. Once you have finished your rough draft, you may want to step away from it and take a break.

Maybe you go for a short walk or do another activity where you do not have to think about the draft. You can then come back to it with fresh eyes and read through it. You will likely notice issues or problems to fix in your rough draft much easier if you take some time away from it. You should also read the rough draft out loud to yourself. Listen for any sentences that sound unclear or confusing. Highlight or underline them so you know they need to be revised.

Do not be afraid to revise whole sections or lines of the rough draft. It is a draft, after all, and will only improve with revision. You can also read the rough draft out loud to someone else. Be willing to accept feedback and constructive criticism on the draft from the person. Getting a different perspective on your writing will often make it that much better.

This is my first time writing a rough draft, so what do I need to do to write a very good rough draft? Rough drafts don't need to be perfect. That's why they are called rough drafts and they do not have rules or boundaries.

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Garrison, - How a Writer Works. Adequate time period for focus Clear study area to eliminate distractions, whether other school projects or friends' demands, in order to concentrate on the task at hand Preparation and research with as much current and historical data and viewpoints as necessary Target audience or a clear idea for whom you are writing: Prewriting exercises and notes on ideas from your research Review all the above.

Don't "study" it; just refresh yourself on the main concepts for now What you will NOT need:

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The rough draft is the first version of the essay. The introduction should have an announcement - a statement that draws the reader into the essay. The introduction should have an announcement - a statement that draws the reader into the essay.

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A first draft is a rough sketch of your future piece of writing. Sometimes your first draft may become the final one due to it being rather satisfactory, but in most cases, it requires further work. A first draft is a way to elaborate on the main points of your essay stated in your outline, giving them a sample form.

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A rough draft is "a late stage in the writing process". 1 It assumes that you have adequate information and understanding, are near or at the end of gathering research, and have completed an exercise in prewriting. Five paragraph essay- Rough Draft Name_____ 4 Time to type! Check off each step as you complete it. 1. Log on to the computer.

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Your rough draft doesn’t have to be perfect. It doesn’t even have to be good. Nobody even has to see it. When you are writing your rough draft, give yourself permission to write poorly. This is your opportunity to explore your thoughts and ideas without worrying about how it sounds. This is not the time to focus on word choice or organization. How to Write an Essay Draft By Marie Brown. Writing an essay draft takes planning. Essay writing is often so dreaded that many people avoid doing it until right before the paper is due. While some writers insist that they do their best work under pressure, more find that procrastinating does not serve them well. Procrastinating usually only.