Genetic markers for schizophrenia are founded on chromosomes 22, 6, 13, 8 and 9, De Angelis, Tori. These examples reveal the genetic role in our development. They also expose our predisposition to certain traits and behaviors. The second camp sitting on the other side of the fence is the advocates for nurture.
Here, nurture represents our surrounding: People in this camp argue that man is a product of his environment. Some extremists went as far as saying: Here we are told that social deprivation at different stages of development can lead to abnormalities in the stress hormone system, which may produce severe and long-lasting physical, neural and psychological consequences.
It is also interesting to consider the gender differences due to the change in environment. Few decades ago, women were considered inferior to men in their achievements. Today, even though the misconception of gender roles in society is still present, we can clearly see the gap between men and women narrowing due to the change in environment. The new school emerging to help bring the nature nurture argument to rest professes that there is no war between nature and nurture.
Indeed, such war would be absurd because it is the interaction of nature and nurture that defines our behavior and well-being.
In understanding a behavior, both nature and nurture are taken to consideration. Many psychological illnesses can be explained as a result of combined genetics and environmental factors. As already stated in this paper, schizophrenia has genetic basis. It is also a fact that this mental disease is triggered by environmental factors including family factors and external stress.
Not even monozygotic twins have the same environment. Scientists confirm that we are predisposed to certain traits and behaviors, but this predisposition is susceptible to modification by genetics as well as environmental factors. Schoolworkhelper Editorial Team https: In addition, Skinner believed that language is something individuals learn from others via behavioral shaping techniques.
John Watson, one of the most well-known psychologists to propose environmental learning as the dominating factor in the nature versus nurture debate, feels that our behavioral traits are purely a result of our surroundings and experiences. He felt that he could condition a new behavior in a child or alter an already existing behavior that is considered to be unfavorable Sincero Watson believed that he could randomly choose any baby out of a group of twelve infants and raise the child to become any type of specialist he chose.
Just like nature, nurture affects our mental health, as well. While someone may have a genetic disposition for one condition or another, there still needs to be an environmental trigger for that condition to develop. In a similar way, the basis for addiction is not entirely determined by genetics. Certain environmental aspects, such as the habits of our friends, partners, and parents, can contribute significantly to the development of addiction.
A genetic predisposition to alcoholism becomes entirely more significant when the individual in question is frequently exposed to alcohol abuse and comes to view the harmful behavior as normal. The strongest predictor was life events and experiences that contributed to the development of the mental condition, such as abuse, bullying, or childhood trauma.
Today, most people agree that our characteristics are a result of a combination of both nature and nurture. There is enough support for both sides to completely count either side out. Clearly, both nature and nurture can affect the development of certain disorders. Francis Galton was the first to pose this question during the late nineteenth century.
A relative of Charles Darwin, he felt that intellectual ability was mostly attributed to genetics and that the tendency for genius to be a familial trait was the result of natural superiority McLeod Many others have agreed throughout history, which has spurred an influx of intelligence testing; in particular, on separated twins and adopted children.
Arthur Jenson is an American psychologist who is a modern proponent of nature over nurture. Jenson cites average IQ scores in which black Americans scored significantly lower than white participants and suggested that as much as eighty percent of intelligence is inherited McLeod It was widely agreed that his study was tainted by social and political implications that are often drawn from various studies that claim to represent natural inequalities between race and other social groups.
Differences in IQ scores between various ethnic groups can be explained by biases in testing methods and social inequalities in access to resources and opportunities McLeod Similarly, it is hotly debated whether or not alleged intelligence difference in male versus female results is a consequence of biology or culture. Now, however, the scientific world has come to understand that trying to place a numerical value on nature and nurture to judge which is more important is not really the right approach Davies Intelligence, for example, is a complex human characteristic that can exhibit itself in a wide variety of ways from genius to basic common sense.
By attempting to place quantitative values on the separate factors, we fail to focus on the fact that biology and environment interact in a host of important and intricate ways Ridley Today, most people agree that neither biology nor environment act independently of one another.
Both are necessary for any characteristic to manifest. Because they are dependent on each other and interact in such a complex manner, it is illogical to attempt to think of them separately. Rather than defending nativists or empiricists, most psychologists are now more interested in researching the ways in which nature and nurture interact with each other to develop characteristics and traits. In psychotherapy, this means that not only does there need to be a genetic disposition required for mental disorders to develop, but there also needs to be an environmental trigger, as well Feller The recognition of this important relationship is especially important given the genetic advancements made during the twenty-first century.
The Human Genome Project and advent of bioengineering sparked wide interest in tracing types of behavior to particular strands of DNA found on certain chromosomes McLeod Scientists expect to soon find specific genes that are linked to criminality, alcoholism, and other characteristics. Psychologists have been debating the influence of nature versus nurture over human characteristics for a very long time. After the scientific world came to recognize that biology and environment both play a role, the emphasis shifted to determining which was more important.
Now though, as we have come to truly understand the complexity of the relationship between our genetic dispositions and environmental triggers, we no longer focus on one versus the other, but rather the way they interact with and affect each other.
While it is certainly helpful in the development of certain conditions for there to be a genetic disposition, there almost always needs to be an environmental trigger that causes the characteristic to manifest in an individual. United Press International, Inc. Genes, experience, and what makes us human. Ultius Blog, 22 Apr. Click here for more help with MLA citations.
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Nature vs Nurture Debate Essay - Nature vs Nurture Debate Nature versus Nurture is the issue of the degree to which environment and heredity influence behavior and development. In this issue nature can be defined as, behaviors due to heredity.
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- Nature vs Nurture The idea of nature vs nurture when it comes to gender identity is a controversial and highly debated topic. However I feel that one side is supported by science and research, while the other is supported by unproven theories. Nature vs Nurture is an ongoing debate in human development. This sample essay looks at both sides as well as the two working in conjunction with one another.4/5(5).
The nature versus nurture debate is one of the most convoluted in the field of psychology. In the 17th century, a French philosopher. Free Essay: Nature vs Nurture Debate Nature versus Nurture is the issue of the degree to which environment and heredity influence behavior and development.