Known mostly for his poetry, Tagore wrote novels, essays, short stories, travelogues, dramas, and thousands of songs. Of Tagore's prose, his short stories are perhaps most highly regarded; he is indeed credited with originating the Bengali-language version of the genre.
His works are frequently noted for their rhythmic, optimistic, and lyrical nature. Such stories mostly borrow from the lives of common people.
Tagore's non-fiction grappled with history, linguistics, and spirituality. His brief chat with Einstein , "Note on the Nature of Reality", is included as an appendix to the latter. On the occasion of Tagore's th birthday, an anthology titled Kalanukromik Rabindra Rachanabali of the total body of his works is currently being published in Bengali in chronological order. This includes all versions of each work and fills about eighty volumes. Tagore's experiences with drama began when he was sixteen, with his brother Jyotirindranath.
He wrote his first original dramatic piece when he was twenty — Valmiki Pratibha which was shown at the Tagore's mansion. Tagore stated that his works sought to articulate "the play of feeling and not of action". In he wrote Visarjan an adaptation of his novella Rajarshi , which has been regarded as his finest drama.
In the original Bengali language, such works included intricate subplots and extended monologues. Later, Tagore's dramas used more philosophical and allegorical themes. The play Dak Ghar The Post Office' ; , describes the child Amal defying his stuffy and puerile confines by ultimately "fall[ing] asleep", hinting his physical death.
A story with borderless appeal—gleaning rave reviews in Europe— Dak Ghar dealt with death as, in Tagore's words, "spiritual freedom" from "the world of hoarded wealth and certified creeds".
Chitrangada , Chandalika , and Shyama are other key plays that have dance-drama adaptations, which together are known as Rabindra Nritya Natya. Tagore began his career in short stories in —when he was only sixteen—with "Bhikharini" "The Beggar Woman". This period was among Tagore's most fecund, yielding more than half the stories contained in the three-volume Galpaguchchha , which itself is a collection of eighty-four stories.
Tagore typically associated his earliest stories such as those of the " Sadhana " period with an exuberance of vitality and spontaneity; these characteristics were intimately connected with Tagore's life in the common villages of, among others, Patisar , Shajadpur, and Shilaida while managing the Tagore family's vast landholdings. Ghare Baire The Home and the World —through the lens of the idealistic zamindar protagonist Nikhil—excoriates rising Indian nationalism, terrorism, and religious zeal in the Swadeshi movement ; a frank expression of Tagore's conflicted sentiments, it emerged from a bout of depression.
The novel ends in Hindu-Muslim violence and Nikhil's—likely mortal—wounding. Gora raises controversial questions regarding the Indian identity. Ignorant of his foreign origins, he chastises Hindu religious backsliders out of love for the indigenous Indians and solidarity with them against his hegemon-compatriots.
He falls for a Brahmo girl, compelling his worried foster father to reveal his lost past and cease his nativist zeal. Tagore flaunts his feminist leanings; pathos depicts the plight and ultimate demise of women trapped by pregnancy, duty, and family honour; he simultaneously trucks with Bengal's putrescent landed gentry. Kumudini, Biprodas' sister, is caught between the two as she is married off to Madhusudan. She had risen in an observant and sheltered traditional home, as had all her female relations.
Shesher Kobita —translated twice as Last Poem and Farewell Song —is his most lyrical novel, with poems and rhythmic passages written by a poet protagonist. It contains elements of satire and postmodernism and has stock characters who gleefully attack the reputation of an old, outmoded, oppressively renowned poet who, incidentally, goes by a familiar name: Though his novels remain among the least-appreciated of his works, they have been given renewed attention via film adaptations by Ray and others: Chokher Bali and Ghare Baire are exemplary.
In the first, Tagore inscribes Bengali society via its heroine: He pillories the custom of perpetual mourning on the part of widows, who were not allowed to remarry, who were consigned to seclusion and loneliness. Tagore wrote of it: Tagore was the first person excepting Roosevelt outside Europe to get the Nobel Prize.
Tagore's poetic style, which proceeds from a lineage established by 15th- and 16th-century Vaishnava poets, ranges from classical formalism to the comic, visionary, and ecstatic. He was influenced by the atavistic mysticism of Vyasa and other rishi -authors of the Upanishads , the Bhakti - Sufi mystic Kabir , and Ramprasad Sen.
Later, with the development of new poetic ideas in Bengal — many originating from younger poets seeking to break with Tagore's style — Tagore absorbed new poetic concepts, which allowed him to further develop a unique identity. Examples of this include Africa and Camalia , which are among the better known of his latter poems. Tagore was a prolific composer with around 2, songs to his credit.
Influenced by the thumri style of Hindustani music , they ran the entire gamut of human emotion, ranging from his early dirge-like Brahmo devotional hymns to quasi-erotic compositions. Some songs mimicked a given raga's melody and rhythm faithfully; others newly blended elements of different ragas. In , Amar Shonar Bangla became the national anthem of Bangladesh. It was written — ironically — to protest the Partition of Bengal along communal lines: Tagore saw the partition as a cunning plan to stop the independence movement , and he aimed to rekindle Bengali unity and tar communalism.
Jana Gana Mana was written in shadhu-bhasha , a Sanskritised form of Bengali, and is the first of five stanzas of the Brahmo hymn Bharot Bhagyo Bidhata that Tagore composed. It was first sung in at a Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress  and was adopted in by the Constituent Assembly of the Republic of India as its national anthem. The Sri Lanka's National Anthem was inspired by his work.
For Bengalis, the songs' appeal, stemming from the combination of emotive strength and beauty described as surpassing even Tagore's poetry, was such that the Modern Review observed that "[t]here is in Bengal no cultured home where Rabindranath's songs are not sung or at least attempted to be sung Even illiterate villagers sing his songs". At sixty, Tagore took up drawing and painting; successful exhibitions of his many works—which made a debut appearance in Paris upon encouragement by artists he met in the south of France  —were held throughout Europe.
He was likely red-green colour blind , resulting in works that exhibited strange colour schemes and off-beat aesthetics. Some of Tagore's lyrics corresponded in a synesthetic sense with particular paintings. Surrounded by several painters Rabindranath had always wanted to paint.
Writing and music, playwriting and acting came to him naturally and almost without training, as it did to several others in his family, and in even greater measure.
But painting eluded him. Yet he tried repeatedly to master the art and there are several references to this in his early letters and reminiscence. In for instance, when he was nearing forty and already a celebrated writer, he wrote to Jagadishchandra Bose, "You will be surprised to hear that I am sitting with a sketchbook drawing. Needless to say, the pictures are not intended for any salon in Paris, they cause me not the least suspicion that the national gallery of any country will suddenly decide to raise taxes to acquire them.
But, just as a mother lavishes most affection on her ugliest son, so I feel secretly drawn to the very skill that comes to me least easily.
Tagore also had an artist's eye for his own handwriting, embellishing the cross-outs and word layouts in his manuscripts with simple artistic leitmotifs. Tagore opposed imperialism and supported Indian nationalists,    and these views were first revealed in Manast , which was mostly composed in his twenties.
He maintained that, even for those at the extremes of poverty, "there can be no question of blind revolution"; preferable to it was a "steady and purposeful education". The Realisation of Life , Such views enraged many. He escaped assassination—and only narrowly—by Indian expatriates during his stay in a San Francisco hotel in late ; the plot failed when his would-be assassins fell into argument. Tagore renounced his knighthood in response to the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in In the repudiation letter to the Viceroy, Lord Chelmsford , he wrote .
The time has come when badges of honour make our shame glaring in the incongruous context of humiliation, and I for my part, wish to stand, shorn, of all special distinctions, by the side of those of my countrymen who, for their so called insignificance, are liable to suffer degradation not fit for human beings. Tagore despised rote classroom schooling: Teaching was often done under trees.
He staffed the school, he contributed his Nobel Prize monies,  and his duties as steward-mentor at Santiniketan kept him busy: On 25 March , Tagore's Nobel Prize was stolen from the safety vault of the Visva-Bharati University, along with several other of his belongings.
I cannot send you one single flower from this wealth of the spring, one single streak of gold from yonder clouds. Open your doors and look abroad. From your blossoming garden gather fragrant memories of the vanished flowers of an hundred years before.
In the joy of your heart may you feel the living joy that sang one spring morning, sending its glad voice across an hundred years. Do not close up your heart. Every year, many events pay tribute to Tagore: Kabipranam , his birth anniversary, is celebrated by groups scattered across the globe; the annual Tagore Festival held in Urbana, Illinois USA ; Rabindra Path Parikrama walking pilgrimages from Kolkata to Santiniketan; and recitals of his poetry, which are held on important anniversaries.
Amartya Sen deemed Tagore a "towering figure", a "deeply relevant and many-sided contemporary thinker". Who are you, reader, reading my poems a hundred years hence? He co-founded Dartington Hall School , a progressive coeducational institution;  in Japan, he influenced such figures as Nobel laureate Yasunari Kawabata. In the United States, Tagore's lecturing circuits, particularly those of —, were widely attended and wildly acclaimed.
Some controversies [h] involving Tagore, possibly fictive, trashed his popularity and sales in Japan and North America after the late s, concluding with his "near total eclipse" outside Bengal. Tagore's works circulated in free editions around —alongside those of Plato , Dante , Cervantes , Goethe , and Tolstoy. Tagore was deemed over-rated by some. Graham Greene doubted that "anyone but Mr. Yeats can still take his poems very seriously.
Tagore does not know English, no Indian knows English. Anyone who knows Tagore's poems in their original Bengali cannot feel satisfied with any of the translations made with or without Yeats's help.
Even the translations of his prose works suffer, to some extent, from distortion. Forster noted [of] The Home and the World [that] '[t]he theme is so beautiful,' but the charms have 'vanished in translation,' or perhaps 'in an experiment that has not quite come off.
Jorasanko Thakur Bari Bengali: House of the Thakurs anglicised to Tagore in Jorasanko , north of Kolkata, is the ancestral home of the Tagore family. It is also the place where he spent most of his childhood and where he died on 7 August Shilaidaha Kuthibadi   Bengali: The place is famous for Kuthi Bari; a country house made by Dwarkanath Tagore. The museum is named 'Tagore Memorial Museum'. Many of the objects Tagore used are displayed here, such as his bed, wardrobe, iron chest, lawn mower, framed pictures and last but not the least his houseboat.
The Shahzadpur Kachharibari has been converted into a museum and a memorial in his name. Many artefacts and memorabilia items are on display in the museum, including shoes, wooden sandals, a piano and a harmonium.
The building itself is of interesting architectural heritage, and contains 7 rooms. Tagore Web also hosts an edition of Tagore's works, including annotated songs. Translations are found at Project Gutenberg and Wikisource.
More sources are below. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Tagore, Rabindranath. For other uses, see Tagore disambiguation. Early life of Rabindranath Tagore. Middle years of Rabindranath Tagore. Clouds come floating into my life, no longer to carry rain or usher storm, but to add color to my sunset sky. Our passions and desires are unruly, but our character subdues these elements into a harmonious whole.
Does something similar to this happen in the physical world? Are the elements rebellious, dynamic with individual impulse? And is there a principle in the physical world which dominates them and puts them into an orderly organization? Works of Rabindranath Tagore. Tagore often embellished his manuscripts with such art.
Political views of Rabindranath Tagore. So I repeat we never can have a true view of man unless we have a love for him. Civilisation must be judged and prized, not by the amount of power it has developed, but by how much it has evolved and given expression to, by its laws and institutions, the love of humanity.
List of works by Rabindranath Tagore. Adaptations of works of Rabindranath Tagore in film and television. Gandhi Memorial Museum, Madurai. Jorasanko was located in the Bengali section of Calcutta, near Chitpur Road.
The first lyricist to win the Nobel Prize for literature was actually Indian". Retrieved 19 March Retrieved 15 July Archived from the original on 23 May Jayewardene of Sri Lanka: The First Fifty Years. University of Hawaii Press. The Times of India. Woman in the novels of Shashi Deshpande: Retrieved 12 April Texts and Critical Evaluation. Makers of Modern India. Tagore, as a child, did not like to go to school and so was taught at home.
He began to write from his early age. Tagore began to write poems, songs and stories about different aspects of the Indian culture and society. He was very talented, energetic and wise and whatever he touched was exceptionally enriched. His genius like the rising Sun began to create wonders. He shed light and warmth and revived the mental and moral spirit of the people. His writing proved path-breaking and revolutionary. He was full of anguish, pain and sorrow at the Jalianwala Bagh tragedy in which General Dyer and his soldiers had killed hundreds of innocent civilians and wounded thousands of others on 13 April, in Amritsar.
This massacre agitated and worked up Tagore so much that he could not sleep the whole night when he heard about it. He once decided to renounce and relinquish his knighthood as a protest and immediately penned a letter to Viceroy. He was a great poet, philosopher and visionary and voice of the country. He was a great nationalist but his patriotism ultimately merged suitably into internationalism.
Tagore was against divisions, boundaries and discrimination on the basis of territory, geography, race etc. He believed in the oneness of life and its expression. He tried his best to bring the people of the world close to one another through his message of love, brotherhood, peace and poetry. Tagore radiated universal love and harmony through his works and life.
He knew patriotism is essential, it is good and healthy but to a certain limit only and after that limit neither it was enough nor desirable. With all her poverty, misery and wretchedness, I love India best. He believed and firmly that patriotism is never enough and it should expand into universal love, brotherhood and in a concept of one world dispensation.
Rabindranath Tagore was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature on 13 November, for his collection of so beautiful and lyrical poems called. Geetanjali a bouquet of flowers. It was a moment of great pride and honour for all the Indians.
He was the first Indian to get this honour and decoration.
Read this essay on Rabindranath Tagore ( A.D. – A.D.)! Rabindranath Tagore, popularly known and called as Gurudev, was born in Kolkata on May 8, in an illusiritious family of thinkers, reformers, social and cultural leaders and intellectuals.
Rabindranath Tagore was a great poet, philosopher, painter, patriot, humanist, and above all, a Universalist. Rabindranath was born on 6 May, in his ancestral home at Jorasanko in Calcutta. He was the fourteenth child of his parents. He was brought up in a big affluent joint family along with other children. But he was different from others.
Rabindranath Tagore Essay 5 ( words) Rabindranath Tagore was a famous Indian poet who popularly known as Gurudev. He was born in Kolkata on 7 th of May in in a rich and cultural family. His parents were Maharishi Debendranath (father) and Sharda Devi (mother). He was very much interested in writing poem from his childhood. Rabindranath Tagore, the writer of our national anthem, was born on May 7, He was born in a rich and cultured family at Jorasanko in Calcutta (now Kolkata). His father’s name was Devendranath Tagore and mother’s name was Shardadevi. He is also popularly known .
Essay on the biography of Rabindranath Tagore – A Great Scholar. Rabindranath Tagore, popularly known as Gurudev, was a great poet, scholar, playwright, novelist, composer and painter. He enriched the Bengali literature and music. Rabindranath Tagore, popularly known as Gurudev, was a great poet, scholar, playwright, novelist, composer and painter. Rabindranath Tagore Essay Rabindranath Tagore, the writer of our national anthem, he was born on 7 th may He was born in a rich and cultured family at Jorasanko in Calcutta.