Our experiment tested people's obedience to authority. The results showed that most obey all orders given by the authority-figure, despite their unwillingness. The conclusion is that, contrary to common belief, personal ethics mean little when pitted against authority. Current theories focus on personal characteristics to explain wrong-doing and how someone can intentionally harm others. The author wanted to test this claim. Can people harm others because they are merely obeying orders?
Can people be ordered to act against their moral convictions? The experiment will test whether a person can keep administering painful electric shocks to another person just because they are ordered to do so. The expectation is that very few will keep giving shocks, and that most participants will disobey the order.
Participants There were 30 male participants. Instruments A "shock generator" was used to trick the participants into thinking that they were giving an electric shock to another person in another room.
The shock generator had switches labeled with different voltages, starting at 30 volts and increasing in volt increments all the way up to volts. The switches were also labeled with terms which reminded the participant of how dangerous the shocks were. Procedures The participant met another "participant" in the waiting room before the experiment. The other "participant" was an actor. Each participant got the role as a "teacher" who would then deliver a shock to the actor "learner" every time an incorrect answer to a question was produced.
The participant believed that he was delivering real shocks to the learner. The learner would pretend to be shocked. As the experiment progressed, the teacher would hear the learner plead to be released and complain about a heart condition. Once the volt level had been reached, the learner banged on the wall and demanded to be released.
Beyond this point, the learner became completely silent and refused to answer any more questions. The experimenter then instructed the participant to treat this silence as an incorrect response and deliver a further shock. When asking the experimenter if they should stop, they were instructed to continue. Of the 40 participants in the study, 26 delivered the maximum shocks. All 40 participants continued to give shocks up to volts. Most of the participants became very agitated, stressed and angry at the experimenter.
Many continued to follow orders throughout even though they were clearly uncomfortable. The study shows that people are able to harm others intentionally if ordered to do so. It provides evidence that this dynamic is far more important than previously believed, and that personal ethics are less predictive of such behavior. A short summary of the article.
Current theories about the topic. What were the results obtained? What are our thought about the results compared to other relevant theories. For more information about services for the Purdue University community, including one-to-one consultations, ESL conversation groups and workshops, please visit the Writing Lab site. The Purdue University Writing Lab and Purdue Online Writing Lab OWL assist clients in their development as writers—no matter what their skill level—with on-campus consultations, online participation, and community engagement.
The Purdue OWL offers global support through online reference materials and services. Purdue Online Writing Lab. Common Words that Sound Alike Numbers: Text Elements Visual Rhetoric: Process and Materials Overview: An Introduction Researching Programs: Practical Considerations Researching Programs: Drafting Your Statement Statements of Purpose: The Basics In-Text Citations: Basic Rules Reference List: Articles in Periodicals Reference List: Other Print Sources Reference List: Electronic Sources Reference List:
A research paper analyzes a perspective or argues a point. Regardless of the type of research paper you are writing, your finished research paper should present your .
Sep 27, · To write a research paper, start by researching your topic at the library, online, or using an academic database. Once you've found at least 5 reputable sources, outline the information you've learned through your research%().
A research paper is the culmination and final product of an involved process of research, critical thinking, source evaluation, organization, and composition. It is, perhaps, helpful to think of the research paper as a living thing, which grows and changes as the student explores, interprets, and evaluates sources related to a specific topic. A research paper is a common form of academic buycoumadin.gqch papers require writers to locate information about a topic (that is, to conduct research), take a stand on that topic, and provide support (or evidence) for that position in an organized report.
Without a doubt, a proper research paper service providing you with authentic papers done from scratch is the number one choice to fit any occasion. Is it an essay, coursework or report, a finely customized paper written from square one according to your task specifications is a solution you’d really want trying. For many students, writing the introduction is the first part of the process, setting down the direction of the paper and laying out exactly what the research paper is trying to achieve. For others, the introduction is the last thing written, acting as a quick summary of the paper.