Isabella was even to have vowed during her youth to eradicate the Jewish population in Spain if given the crown. They had jurisdiction in all matters of heresy and blasphemy. An Inquisitor General was selected by the crown to preside over the meetings of the Suprema and head the entire inquisition. Torquemada was a zealous Catholic who believed that non-Catholics posed a threat to destroy the Church and the country of Spain.
Hauben, Thirteen local tribunals were set up all around Spain and were controlled by the Suprema. In each of these tribunals, there were two or three inquisitor-judges, a prosecutor, secretaries, and theological consultants. These local tribunals had dual duties being judicial and enforcement. Unlike judicial courts, these tribunals had the ability of investigation. An inquisitor who issued an Edict of Faith visited each tribunal every year the Edict of Faith, which was a miniature questionnaire given to Christians under the threat of excommunication to opportunity to denunciate heretics.
When the tribunal saw something suspicious or something suspicious was reported it would publish an Edict of Grace, which allowed a period of thirty to forty days to all those who wished to come forward to confess their sin. Confessors were usually pardoned or only given a light sentence, but there was a catch: This tactic made the Christian public spies for the tribunals; this entailed less work for the tribunal. Once the period in the Edict of Grace ended, those who were accused had their possessions taken by the state and were brought to trial Lea, Religious History The only way a person could save himself from being convicted as if he made a list of his enemies, and if it contained any of his accusers, then their evidence was discontinued.
However, the biggest problem in the legal procedure was that the accused never knew the identity his accusers and their witnesses. The accused was given a court appointed counselor, whose purpose was to convince the accused to make a sincere confession If a confession was made, a punishment was dependent on the gravity of the offence. For example, in a case in Seville, a smith had the habit of saying: The most serious offense would be the practice of Judaism, Protestantism, Islam, or anything non-Catholic.
A person accused of practicing these religions would be killed or expelled from the country. If any Jews were left in the country, they were killed on the spot or imprisoned. Very often, if the accused did not confess, the court would use torture to garner one. These torture tactics were administered by Torquemada in and are the most famous aspect of the Inquisition.
The two most popular torture devices were the strappado or pulley and the aselli or water torment. The strappado was a device that used ropes to strap a person in by their arms and legs, and then weights were attached to the ends of these ropes. The person was raised to a certain level and then the ropes ere released. This would make the body stretch painfully, sometimes enough to produce death. The aselli was when as a person was brought to lay down on a trestle with sharp edged spikes and strapped with an iron band.
Their feet would be above their heads. Using a jar, water would be poured into the mouth and nose, producing a state of near-suffocation. The heretic was then burned at the stake to instill shock, awe, and fear of the Inquisition into the minds of the Faithful.
The auto de fe had an ulterior motive. The Monarchs of Spain, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, began to realize that if the tension of the citizens increased a little more, riots and mass killing would break out, possibly leading to a religious civil war.
The method they used to control the citizens was the Spanish Inquisition. Using the Inquisition, they were able to soothe and calm the majority of the Spanish citizens. At the same time, they believed they were removing the source of the problem. The King, Queen, and the rest of the rest of the entire government was able to secure their positions in the Monarchy.
And the final reason for the Inquisition is money and economics. Spain was in a difficult economic position before the Inquisition. By repressing Jews, government hoped to fix the situation. They killed thousands of Jews and took their possessions, their money and everything they could find. The Jews were successful, and everyone in Spain knew that they were. The Christians were constantly seeing the wealth of the Jews and became very jealous. The people of Spain thought that they were actually better off without the Jews.
Once the Inquisition was established all throughout Spain in AD, an effective way of governing was needed. The main office of the Inquisition, located in Madrid, was called the Suprema.
It was named as a branch of government in Spain. In every major city of the Spanish Empire there consisted an Inquisitorial Court who reported to the Suprema. At the time, the Spanish government was very unstable and unorganized. It was said that the Suprema was the only effective branch of the Spanish government. Because of this, the Suprema rose to great power.
At times, the power of the Grand Inquisitor rivaled and overpowered the monarchy. With the establishment of the Suprema and the Inquisitorial Courts, the Inquisition became very effective and the death tole of heretics and morranos sky-rocketed.
Along with the spread of the Spanish Empire to the Americas in the 16th and 17th centuries, the Inquisition also spread. The new world offered a new variety of victims to fill its prisons, since the amount of Jewish and Morrano victims were growing scarce. Because Spanish women were not allowed to colonize in the new world, the men interacted with native women.
This sin was called cohabitation and the church viewed it with extreme disfavor. It then became the major crime to be dealt with in the Inquisitorial Courts. Through the strength of the Spanish Empire, the Inquisition became the most dominant in Spanish society. By this point, when the Suprema challenged the authority of the monarch, the Grand Inquisitors were appointed by the Suprema instead of the monarches.
The Suprema had great power and took out political and criminal cases just as the state would. The remaining heretics left were dealt in mass burnings in festival type atmospheres. The way the Inquisitors dealt with executions were in carnival type occasions called Auto-da-fes, or Sermo Generalises. These festivals required elaborate preparations and would attract thousands.
The accused heretics would be dressed in a comical but satanic attire and put on display for the people to laugh at as they walked by. At the end of the festival, the crimes of each heretic were announced.
Then the thousands would gather and watch the heretics go up in flames on steaks. The church officials were forbidden to shed blood, so the executions were carried out by the state. While the heretics were burning, the King, Queen, and the church officials sat in the front row snickering at the burning corpses. In the late 's and early 's there were few heretics left the Spanish Empire. Only a handful of the cases dealt by the Inquisitorial Courts were actually dealing with religion.
By this time the state was dealing with real criminals through the Inquisitors. The papacy became angry at this abuse, but did not have the power to stop it at the time. The Inquisition gradually came to an end in the mid 's, as Spain completed its task of "purifying the nation". By this point they were in a huge lack of education and were not industrially adequate to enter the 20th century along with power-house industrial neighbors such as England.
Reminisce of the Inquisition lasted into the early 20th century where suspected descendents of Jews were punished, which was pointless because practically everyone in Spain were descendents of these people.
It was not till , five-hundred years after the expulsion of the Jews from Spain, when King Juan Carlos officially invited the Jews to return to their homeland in Spain and addressed a formal apology to them. The long history of the Spanish Inquisition serves as a reminder of the bigotry and the persecution that took place. It is only one of many persecuting acts that are piled on top of Jewish history.
Many Christians look back onto the Inquisition with shame and humidity. The Spanish Inquisition has inflicted untold amounts of damage onto the Spanish society and everyone else's. It was one of the worst religious acts of ignorance and bigotry ever orchestrated by a group of people. Today's bigotry and prejudices are just remnants of the religious intolerance that originated half a millennium ago. Essays, term papers, research papers related: Our writers are all Uni graduates able to work effectively on any level under time constraints.
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- The Spanish Inquisition What was the Spanish Inquisition. The Spanish Inquisition persecuted and discriminated against minorities in the Iberia Peninsula who opposed to the practice and ideologies of the Catholic Church.
The Spanish Inquisition was the most famous of the numerous Papal Inquisition that took place during the Middle Ages. In three hundred years that it lasted, the accused, which included Jews, Moors, Lutherans, and those who were accused of practicing witchcraft, had their possessions taken by the state, their fates tried in the papal .
It presents the concept of the Inquisition, the start of the Spanish Inquisition, and its functioning. The Inquisition or the Holy Tribunal was an establishment of the Roman Catholic Church, which had the main aims to conduct a . The Spanish Inquisition was a judicial institution established by the. church in Spain during the Middle Ages. It was in charge of seeding out. Jews whom, because of the pressure, basically instantly converted to Christianity.. The Spanish Inquisition occurred from fourteen seventy-eight to /5(3).
The Spanish Inquisition Essay Words | 5 Pages ("The Spanish Inquisition:" n.d.) Isabella looked upon this removal of about , of her subjects as a "pious duty". (The Spanish Inquisition, ) Under Torquemada's reign the Inquisition spread. By about there were 19 courts in cities such as Seville, Cordova, Villareal, and Toledo. Spanish Inquisition Essay is on what role inqusition played in Catholic Church. What's the reason, reasons for the spanish inquistion to appear.