This task is related to the critical need for sex-disaggregated data, and UNFPA helps countries build capacity in this area of Women Empowerment and in the promotion of all rights for all.
Empowerment of women has been identified as a valuable attribute, one that is essential to the effective functioning of an organization Palmier, Empowerment is evidenced by organizational members who are inspired and motivated to make meaningful contributions and who have the confidence that their contributions will be recognized and valued.
Impact of lack of women Empowerment in Zambia. As women are generally the poorest of the poor Gendered poverty is the recognition that women and men face poverty for different reasons and both experience and respond to it differently. Studies have revealed that the indicators of education and literacy, the metrics used to measure progress towards MDG 3, do not sufficiently capture gendered poverty or gender disparities.
There are many other factors that influence the status of women, such as income, reproductive health and environmental and socio - cultural constraints. Bradshaw and Lingerer , in Chant, list three factors that contribute to the relative poverty of women: Micro finance in a Zambian Context. This high dependence on donor funds that can be found in many sectors in Zambia is particularly damaging in microfinance, where financial sustainability is of fundamental importance.
Indeed, many face important management and corporate governance challenges. Since then microfinance has not grown in line with outside expectation see figure 1. The PZ case is therefore broadly emblematic of microfinance development at large and indicative of the threats posed to it. Zambian MFIs might potentially provide much needed, but hitherto scarce, financial services in a country where, even by prevailing standards, access remains extremely low FinScope, ; Mattoo and Payton, Since these MFIs do not emphasize small scale enterprise development they simply require formal employment before making a loan.
However, an estimated 60, borrowers occupy the same enterprise loan market niche in which PZ operated. The law however has changed following the Banking and Financial Services micro-finance Regulations Act which has enabled MFIs to mobilize further public deposits and savings. According to BOZ out of 25 licensed institutions have been granted deposit taking licenses.
More importantly, the Act has established governance rules and formal accountability channels with the central bank, so that MFIs might evolve into limited companies with identifiable share holders AMIZ magazine, June However, there is as yet little serious empirical study of Zambian microfinance, where institutional performance data is still considered proprietary, and remains difficult to access Micro Finance. No similar impact studies have been conducted on Micro Finance institutions.
The study will use both the qualitative and quantitative designs in which will use graphical presentation of observed phenomena order to give accurate information on the impact of micro finance institutions in women empowerment in Kabwe, Zambia. The process will depict the prevailing situation using random sampling method. The sample size will comprise of 50 respondents that will comprise of 40 Women running micro finance businesses, FINCA field Officers and Management members.
Both primary and secondary data will be used in collecting information. This will cover a wide range of questions on women empowerment and micro Finance. It will be designed and administered to those who will be willing to be interviewed at their own convenient time. It will be used in data collection where it will not be possible to meet all the respondents at one point.
The simple random sampling procedures will be used in this research for its high degree of representatives. In this particular case, a rotary method of sampling wills applies. In an attempt to choose 40 women from different groups without bias. Analysis of data will be done by using graphs, bar charts and pie charts showing responses from participants. Experience and lessons from selected African Countries. Inequality and the polarizing impact of microcredit: Several researches have been done in the field of weaving.
According to Costin, usually women are engaged in domestic production like weaving and cloth production, which was economically valuable item for the large group of people as labor for a long time in Prehispanic Andes and benefits their household In another study, Renee focused on hand woven cloth production which was adopted by women after it was abandoned by Ekiti men in Yoruba.
These researches are similar to our research so, it will help us to understand how research was done and what kind of problems they faced and how they overcome those challenges. This study is interested in seeing whether weaving benefits women. The idea of benefits can be understood as part of the empowerment process. Jude Fernando in his article, focuses on the role of Nongovernmental Organizations and Micro-Credits in empowerment of women workers.
Instead, to enable women to have influence in any institution they should have power to monitor things and they should also be economically sound Fernando The key concepts for this research will be women empowerment, autonomy of women weavers, and economic benefits for women weavers in these areas.
Based on the definition of empowerment by the World Bank, empowerment, in this study, has been defined in terms of income of the women weavers that helps them to use it in different possible helpful ways.
The limitation of this definition is that it will not include other aspects of empowerment, such as, effects of earning on social status of women and we also do not include collective assets of women weavers in both the areas; rather, this research will focused on individuals.
Autonomy of women has been conceptualized in terms of self sufficiency of women weavers such as how much they can contribute to fulfill their dreams and household needs. Hence, studies have shown that many women workers in South Africa were able to fulfill their dream of self sufficiency by working in small factories Scott et al, Economic benefits for women weavers have been defined in terms of their total income and expenditures.
We will focus on total output of women weavers as there are different income levels for different skills in weaving art. We will be studying the income and expenditures of different weavers according to their skills. After observing women doing small scale jobs as weavers in Bhutan and Pakistan, we are curious to know how their earning is contributing to their household needs.
Since the research is an inductive one, the study does not propose any hypothesis for now; however, a hypothesis could be proposed at the end using the collected data.
Reliability and validity will be achieved by integrating previously used methodologies and concepts by scholars in their research. Also, in social Inquiry course Babbie certain methods have been given to ensure reliability and validity, such as doing pilot testing and face-validity.
Pilot testing will be used in order to check if our methodology is feasible in the chosen area, and whether our questions make sense and give us our desired data. We will do pilot testing with some of the women weavers back in the respective communities.
Also, in order to ensure validity, multiple indicators of the key concept benefit will be used, which will include fulfillment of household needs, such as household goods, clothing, and school fees for their children. Our questions will be based on the understanding of the participants, so that it becomes convenient for the participants to respond.
To increase reliability of our research we will be conducting our survey in pairs. This will also be helpful to lessen bias in our study. This study only focused women weavers even though there are so many men weavers; this is one of the main biases of this research. Women weavers have been chosen for this research because the art of weaving is common among women and very less research has been done on them.
Secondly, as we will be studying the places where we belong to and almost we know all of them and many of them are our relatives, which may also cause bias in our study. Being insider there are so many advantages to have research in our own areas such as it is easy to build trust, have a comfortable conversation and have access to people. At the same time we have some disadvantages as well, for instance being an insider we may assume many things about our participants and we may ignore many things which may cause to miss some important data.
To lessen these biases we will make pairs of one insider and one outsider because it will be helpful in many ways. Being insider we will have easily access to people and the outsider will help us to consider all those things which insider may assume.
The common ethical issues in any survey are related to the information the participants have to share because most of the time people are required to provide information that is not readily available.
Therefore, maintaining confidentiality and anonymity is very important. Sometimes even if researchers assure confidentiality people feel uncomfortable after or while sharing certain kinds of information. As our survey will mostly focus on income of women weavers and their economic status which is sensitive topic and most of the time people do not feel comfortable to share their income publicly; therefore, they may feel insecure. To deal with this problem we have to build trust with people to make them feel comfortable.
To build trust we will ensure that any information they shared during survey will remain confidential and during study their names will not be used at any point. Further, the data of this survey will be locked in safe places and only researchers and other related people to this research work will have access to these documents.
We are conducting surveys; therefore, our expected strengths of this research are the following. Since; surveys are useful in describing the characteristics of a large population and we will also use collected data from our survey to make a generalized conclusion about women empowerment through weaving art in Khoma, Bhutan and Gilgit, Pakistan.
Surveys are also considered more flexible than other moods of observations as survey questions are mostly close ended; therefore, one can respond to many questions in a short span of time. We will be asking the same questions from different people which will also be helpful to get reliability if we get similar response from participants. On the other hand, surveys have some weaknesses as well, most of the time in surveys researchers rarely focus on social life of individuals, but our research is more focusing on social life of women weavers.
Our research will be inflexible in some ways because we are only studying women weavers and weaving arts. Limited time for respondents to attempt questions, study specific questions and sudden interference in the life of ordinary people may also cause some kind of inflexibility to this research.
To overcome these problems we will inform people about our research before having survey and we will try to provide enough time for the participants to attempt questionnaires. Most of the time researchers believe that surveys are subject to artificiality because researchers construct the unusual situation during surveys which may effect on final results.
But our study will not be subject to artificiality, we believe that as most of the people are familiar to us so it will lessen the chances of an artificial situation. In every research there are certain challenges related to them and it is also true for surveys. As we are going to have surveys in Khoma, Bhutan and Gilgit, Pakistan we also assume that we will also face some challenges.
For example, as we are novice researchers so people may doubt our credibility. To overcome these problems and to convince people, we will get help from head of the village and provide a brief description of our study. In this way we may lessen the doubt of villager about our credibility. Secondly, as most of them are farmers, we may face timing problem during their working hours to get access.
To deal with this problem we will try to visit people in their free time. Thirdly, we may have difficulty to make people understand questionnaire as many of them are illiterate.
To overcome these difficulties we will do pilot testing with some of the women weavers which will give us an idea how to make them understand. This money will cover travel expenses, visa cost for one student and local transport expenses. Further, we need two audio recorders because we are working in pairs. We believe that for any emergency we should be prepared. Empowerment of Women through Weaving Art.
We would like to ask you some questions about yourself and your family, mostly we will focus on weaving art and how it is helpful for you.
Please think carefully about questions and answer as carefully as you can.
Research Proposal on Women Empowerment April 25, writer Research Proposals 0 Women empowerment is the process of treating women like the equal companions with the same rights and duties as men have.
RESEARCH PROPOSAL SAMPLE - BY MUTALE TRICIA in this research for its high degree of buycoumadin.gqiew Guide This will cover a wide range of questions on women empowerment and micro Finance. Documents Similar To RESEARCH PROPOSAL SAMPLE on Women Empowerment and Micro Finance.5/5(9).
Jun 10, · Farida Naz, Seldon, Dorji, Shafia 12 May There is a lot of interest in women’s empowerment and especially through their economic activities. One form of economic activity that women have been involved with in diverse areas in South Asia has been weaving. More specifically, in Bhutan and Pakistan, women have been more involved in. A women empowerment project proposal involves the detailing of the means whereby the project will be implemented and operated. It involves a huge amount of logistical planning, cooperation between different agencies and communication skills.
RESEARCH PROPOSAL SAMPLE - BY MUTALE TRICIA and UNFPA helps countries build capacity in this area of Women Empowerment and in the promotion of all rights for all. The research intends to cover Women who will be currently beneficiaries of FINCA Loans, FINCA Field Officers and Staff members in Kabwe, Zambia. Research Proposal Women Entrepreneurship for Women Empowerment: Why Understudied? By Md. Lutfur Rahman It is now an undeniable fact that without economically and socially empowering women who constitute almost half of the world population, development is impossible.