Inductive reasoning is more open-ended and exploratory, especially at the beginning. Deductive reasoning is more narrow and concerned with testing or confirming hypotheses. In practice, most research projects involve using both inductive and deductive approaches at different stages of study. Quick Answer Deductive research aims to test an existing theory while inductive research aims to generate new theories from observed data.
What Are the Three Theories of Sociology? Full Answer Deductive reasoning uses a top-down approach. Learn more about Social Sciences. What Is Theoretical Framework? You May Also Like Q: What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Specialization? It is the opposite of deductive research. Inductive reasoning is common among the social sciences whereas deductive research is more common in the natural sciences.
An example of inductive research is a behavioral study during which sociologists collect information based on behavior and then study the data they collect to determine if there are any correlations that could indicate a pattern or support a universal theory. The scientific method usually involves a hypothesis and then the observation of controlled as well as variable subjects on which a conclusion about the accuracy of the original hypothesis is reached. Inductive research begins with observation which leads to a larger universal hypothesis.
The primary difference between the two types of research is that inductive research is more flexible in nature. It allows researchers to explore multiple ideas before determining which one correlates to a hypothesis.
The crux of inductive reasoning is also data and discerning patterns. The more data that scientists who use an inductive research method collect, the more likely they are to be able to draw valuable conclusions from it.
What Is an Inductive Research Approach? Quick Answer An inductive research approach is one that begins with the final stages of scientific research, typically observation, and works backward to form a hypothesis.
The main difference between inductive and deductive approaches to research is that whilst a deductive approach is aimed and testing theory, an inductive approach is concerned with the generation of new theory emerging from the data.
Inductive approach, also known in inductive reasoning, starts with the observations and theories are proposed towards the end of the research .
Deductive research aims to test an existing theory while inductive research aims to generate new theories from observed data. Deductive research works from the more general to the more specific, and inductive research works from more specific observations to more general theories. Inductive research mainly focuses on building new theories, whereas deductive research focuses on verifying theories. This is the main difference between the two types of research. Through this article let us examine the differences between the two types of research, inductive and deductive research.
Deductive reasoning is more narrow in nature and is concerned with testing or confirming hypotheses. Even though a particular study may look like it's purely deductive (e.g., an experiment designed to test the hypothesized effects of some treatment on some outcome), most social research involves both inductive and deductive reasoning . An inductive research approach is one that begins with the final stages of scientific research, typically observation, and works backward to form a hypothesis. It is the opposite of deductive research. Inductive reasoning is common among the social sciences whereas deductive research is more common.