Do not use titles Dr. Beneath the author's name, type the institutional affiliation , which should indicate the location where the author s conducted the research. Begin a new page. Your abstract page should already include the page header described above. Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of the key points of your research.
Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions. You may also include possible implications of your research and future work you see connected with your findings. Your abstract should be a single paragraph, double-spaced.
Your abstract should be between and words. You may also want to list keywords from your paper in your abstract. To do this, indent as you would if you were starting a new paragraph, type Keywords: Listing your keywords will help researchers find your work in databases. The page template for the new OWL site does not include contributors' names or the page's last edited date. However, select pages, like the Citation Style Chart , still include this information.
Purdue Online Writing Lab. Contributors' names Last edited date. Common Words that Sound Alike Numbers: Text Elements Visual Rhetoric: Process and Materials Overview: An Introduction Researching Programs: Practical Considerations Researching Programs: Drafting Your Statement Statements of Purpose: The Basics In-Text Citations: Basic Rules Reference List: Articles in Periodicals Reference List: Other Print Sources Reference List: Electronic Sources Reference List: Organization and Structure Graduate Writing Workshops: Introductions Graduate Writing Workshops: The main principle here is that, all ideas and words of others should be properly and formally acknowledged.
The Reference Section lists all the sources you've previously cited in the body of your research paper. The Appendix is where unpublished tests or other descriptions of complex equipment or stimulus materials are presented. Footnotes are occasionally used to back up substantial information in your text. They can be found centered on the first line below the Running Head, numbered as they are identified in the text. What is the difference between Tables and Figures?
Tables are used to present quantitative data or statistical results of analyses. Examples of quantitative data are population, age, frequency, etc. Figures on the other hand come in different forms. These could be graphs, images or illustrations other than tables.
Figures are commonly used to show a particular trend, or to compare results of experiments with respect to constant and changing variables. Understandably, it can be overwhelming to compile a paper that conforms to all these rules! But remember that when in doubt you can always consult your supervisor, who will have more insight about the writing conventions in your field.
Reading published papers that are similar to yours will likewise give you some insight into the correct layout. Check out our quiz-page with tests about:. Retrieved Sep 14, from Explorable. The text in this article is licensed under the Creative Commons-License Attribution 4.
You can use it freely with some kind of link , and we're also okay with people reprinting in publications like books, blogs, newsletters, course-material, papers, wikipedia and presentations with clear attribution. Learn how to construct, style and format an Academic paper and take your skills to the next level. Don't have time for it all now?
No problem, save it as a course and come back to it later. Share this page on your website: This article is a part of the guide: Select from one of the other courses available: Don't miss these related articles:. Check out our quiz-page with tests about: Back to Overview "Write a Paper". Search over articles on psychology, science, and experiments.
APA Paper Formatting & Style Guidelines Your teacher may want you to format your paper using APA guidelines. If you were told to create your citations in APA format, your paper should be formatted using the APA guidelines as well.
APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.
Click on the link above in the Media box to download the pdf handout, APA Sample Paper. Writing in APA Style - Paper Formatting The first thing to pay attention to when speaking about the peculiarities of an APA style paper is, definitely, its format. APA stands for the organization which worked out the standards for academic papers in the social sciences, American Psychology Association.
The APA writing style has evolved through time and several changes have been adapted in response to the electronic information age. What follows are some useful pointers for those of you who have been asked to write a paper using the APA format. In general, your paper should follow these formatting guidelines. PERRLA for APA will help you perfectly format your entire paper - from your Title Page to References. It can even create Annotated Bibliographies, Tables of Contents, Abstracts, and more with ease. PERRLA for APA makes writing papers as painless as writing a paper can be! *For the Mac version of Word , PERRLA runs side-by-side with Word.