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❶Torture in the modern world is a relic of the distant past.

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First, we have no empirical basis on which to believe that interrogational torture is the most effective form of interrogation Kleinman If we torture no one, we may not find out something important — unless we have a better method than torture for finding it out!

Space here does not allow a thorough discussion of issues about effectiveness, and I obviously do not believe that torture would be justified if it were effective. But it surely could be justified only if it were the most effective alternative, given how wrong everyone on all sides admits torture is.

A priori it is difficult to understand how the CIA paradigm in particular can be a good method of gathering accurate information. The person whose personality structure is undermined and who is made to regress to an infantile state of wanting to please certainly will be inclined to give the interrogator what the torture victim thinks the interrogator wants. But is this a reliable method of quickly gathering accurate information?

It partly depends on how often a person tortured simply does not have the information that he thinks the interrogator wants; in those cases the victim is likely to manufacture something in order to try to please the interrogator.

Amery, under SS torture, tried hard to comply but could not because, like any member of a moderately well-run underground, he had been allowed to know only the aliases of his colleagues:. What they wanted to hear from me in Breendonk [Prison], 1 simply did not know myself. If instead of the aliases I had been able to name the real names, perhaps, or probably, a calamity would have occurred, and I would be standing here now as the weakling I most likely am, and as the traitor I potentially already was.

Yet it was not at all that I opposed them with the heroically maintained silence that befits a real man in such a situation … I talked.

And even if torture does obtain correct information at some stage, it may well be less efficient than other approaches to interrogation. This is certainly the view of a number of experienced American interrogators. Alexander gives his prisoners the opposite treatment: So, is Alexander interrogating with kindness? He pretends, and tricks, and lies to his prisoners, treating them in ways that in almost any other circumstances would be clearly immoral:. The best interrogators are outstanding actors.

Once they hit that booth, their personalities are transformed. They … allow a doppelganger to emerge. What doppelganger is most likely to elicit information from a detainee changes from prisoner to prisoner. Sometimes I must have a wife or children so I can swap stories with the prisoner, though I have neither. The interrogation that Alexander practises does not make a pretty picture.

He coercively manipulates his prisoners. They are not treated as ends: Some people will certainly feel that it is morally wrong ever to treat people like this. But it is not torture. No severe pain or suffering, physical or Mental, is inflicted on prisoners. The struggle is a battle of wits. He is treated as an enemy and outwitted if possible. But the soundness of neither his body nor his mind is undermined.

Of course, the testimony of a single interrogator does not settle which interrogation technique is more effective, torture or something else. I claim only to have illustrated through anecdotal evidence that a serious, smart and successful American interrogator, who personally has conducted three hundred interrogations and supervised more than a thousand, and who was awarded the Bronze Star for service in Iraq, believes that alternatives to torture are more effective.

All the fabulously expensive CIA research established that people can be broken and made to regress, not that they can be made to reveal timely information, even when they know something relevant.

The second point is this. Suppose Alexander is mistaken and was just lucky with Abu Musab al Zarqawi and others, but we have believed him and returned to the legally required refusal to use torture. Consequently, we fail to find out about a danger that we cannot otherwise prevent, and some of us die as a result. He studied at Merton from as a Rhodes Scholar. His research has focused on the role of human rights, especially economic rights, in international affairs and, more generally, on institutions to protect the vulnerable.

This not only is not accidental, it is firm policy, in the case of the CIA paradigm. The Lost Cause torturemag ahrc. Extrajudicial killings with impunity are increasing torturemag ahrc. Asian and Global Perspectives: Online Reader Survey torturemag ahrc. A Liberator torturemag ahrc. Healing the Wounds torturemag ahrc. Let the Good Prevail torturemag ahrc. Leningrad, Shostakovich and the Music of Transcendence torturemag ahrc. Reminiscence as a form of resistance torturemag ahrc.

Much of the research on human consciousness involved human experimentation: What to an ordinary layperson are the amazingly powerful effects of sensory deprivation were summarized in the Kubark Manual, relying on human experimentation done at Harvard, as follows: So, as Bob Brecher has put it in one of the most thorough and persuasive critiques of the use of ticking-bomb scenarios: Luban formulates this first reading of my methodological principle as: The next reading to which we turn says: Luban offers an explanation of why moral rationality might be limited in the way Williams suggested: A column in the New York Times had said: Zizek Luban comments: We emphasized the mercilessness of all torture: Legal archetypes Jeremy Waldron has presented an entirely independent case for the absolute prohibition against torture already found in international law, including the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Articles 4 and 7 and the Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, inhuman or Degrading Treatment, both of which apply to absolutely everyone, and the Geneva Conventions, which apply to the persons they protect, including prisoners of war.

Waldron explains the working of the archetype as follows: What if he is resistant enough to torture so that, in the two hours before the explosion, no useful information can be gleaned? Practically, can one even hope to that a man ready to die for his believes is going to give up this information up? In conclusion, I do not believe using torture is a viable mean. It is barbaric and unconstitutional, even if, someone may be coursed into using it to get what he or she wants.

But in those cases I believe it is our own instinct that drives us and not our right state of mind. Torturing a person is unconstitutional but to understand why it is, just imagine being in their shoes. You can order a custom essay on Torture now! Posted by Webmaster at Newer Post Older Post Home. Are you in search of free sample essays and essay examples on different topics? Do you need urgent assistance in writing high school, college or university academic papers?

We are your best solution for you. Our site is specifically designed for those students who need instant writing help in any discipline. Therefore, on a legislative level, the use of torture is not acceptable. In the United States, for example, it is guaranteed by the 8th Amendment of the Constitution.

However, accepting torture as, for example, a method of interrogation, means citizens can no longer feel safe if they have to deal with justice, even and especially if they are innocent. In this case, an investigative error and the following suspicion of an innocent person can result into the application of severe psychological and physical damage to this individual before their innocence becomes evident. Examples are numerous, but they illustrate one fact: Torture in the modern world is a relic of the distant past.

Though there are many proponents, claiming that torture is acceptable in a number of certain cases—such as against terrorists or maniacs—I believe they should not be tolerated due to several reasons. The country that approves torture also risks to lose the trust of its citizens in itself and its judicial system. In addition, torture that is officially approved at least once tends to become a regular practice.

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Torture has been considered an art form in some countries. Victor Hugo once said, "The guillotine is the ultimate expression of law, and its name is vengeance." The executioner, in the theater of the guillotine, has a very special role.

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by HENRY SHUE THE PRACTICE. Torture has torn through additional restraints since I first tried to get a grip on it (Shue ). Then I began by apologizing for raising an issue that I thought most Americans considered closed. The Morality of Torture Essay - Torture is a controversial topic in today’s society. What is torture. Torture can be defined as, ‘the act of inflicting excruciating pain, as punishment or revenge, as a means of getting a confession or information, or for sheer cruelty.’(Dershowitz, A) According to international law, it is illegal to use torture in any situation of any kind.