However, it ended supreme rule by French kings and strengthened the middle class. The revolution began with a government financial crisis but quickly became a movement of reform and violent change.
In one of the early events, a crowd in Paris captured the Bastille, a royal fortress and hated symbol of oppression. A series of elected legislatures then took control of the government. Thousands of others met the same fate in a period known as the Reign of Terror. The revolution ended when Napoleon Bonaparte, a French general, took over the government.
At the beginning of the revolution, events seemed minor and proceeded in a logical fashion. One of the reasons the revolution originated was the discontent among the lower and middle classes in France.
By law, society was divided in to three groups called estates. The first estate was made of up clergy, nobles comprised the second and the rest of the citizens, the third estate. The third estate resented certain advantages of the first two estates. The clergy and nobles did not have to pay most taxes. Many members of the middle class were also worried by their social status. They were among the most important people in French society but were not recognized as such because they belonged to the third estate.
The States-General was made up of representatives of the three estates, and had last met in Unwillingly, the king called the meeting.
The States-General opened on May 5, , at Versailles. The first two estates wanted each estate to take up matters and vote on them separately by estate. The third estate had has many representatives as the other two combined. It insisted that all the estates be merged into one national assembly and that each representative had one vote.
The third estate also wanted the States-General to write a constitution. The king and the first two estates refused the demands of the third estate. In June , the representatives of the third estate declared themselves the National Assembly of France.
But he began to gather troops around Paris to break up the Assembly. Meanwhile, the masses of France also took action.
On July 14, , a huge crowd of Parisians rushed to the Bastille. The people captured the Bastille and began to tear it down. Massive peasant uprisings were also occurring in the countryside. The French government was inefficient, unjust and corrupt. There were numerous government departments, different laws in different parts of the country and officials.
Many people became livid at the way France was governed. The people couldn't do anything to bring about a change. The French Parlement was called the Estates-General.
It had not met since and couldn't without the consent of the king. It basically had no power. The economic problems created by the French kings also contributed to the Revolution.
During the 18th century, the French government spent more money than it collected in taxes. By , the country was bankrupt. Arthur Young, an Englishmen and observer, who traveled to France from to angrily describes the living conditions of the peasants in his book Travels in France. In seven pages this research paper compares these two French revolutions militarily, politically, and how social programs were aff His mother, however, made the actual decisions regarding the country until her de In five pages these revolutions are contrasted and compared in terms of their causes and the outcomes which resulted.
This paper consists of seven pages and contrasts these French Revolutions in terms of their differences. Nine sources are cited i His outstanding leadership afforded h Officially, he held Frances throne from the young age of five to As these statements suggest, French history did no New to eCheat Create an Account! Professionally written essays on this topic: Causes of the French Revolution of Comparison of and French Revolutions In seven pages this research paper compares these two French revolutions militarily, politically, and how social programs were aff Aftermath of the French Revolution which to maintain the established hierarchy, reasoning that the people should agreed to "submit themselves, their heirs and poster French History and the Causes of the French Revolution young age of five to his death, to
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- Edmund Burke and Thomas Paine's Views on the French Revolution Edmund Burke and Thomas Paine were two of the several strongly-opinionated individuals writing back-and-forth in response to what the others were saying about the French Revolution.
The French Revolution Essay example Words | 4 Pages. The French Revolution The French Revolution evokes many different emotions and controversial issues in that some believe it was worth the cost and some don't. There is no doubt that the French Revolution did have major significance in history. The French Revolution brought about great changes in the society and government of France. The revolution, which lasted from to , also had far-reaching effects on the rest of Europe. “It introduced democratic ideals to .
The French Revolution of had many long-range causes. Political, social, and economic conditions in France contributed to the discontent felt by many French people-especially those of the third estate. The ideas of the intellectuals of the Enlightenment brought new views to government and society. The French Revolution Kenneth Milton History World Civilization 11 Professor Carl Garrigus May 20, The French Revolution The French Revolution was the greatest event of the modern period. It influenced the whole human society. The whole world received the message of Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity.