It is commonly ranked as mild, moderate, severe, or panic. It is believed that a mild amount of anxiety is a normal part of the human being and that mild anxiety is necessary to change and develop new ways of coping with stress. Overwhelming anxiety can result in a generalized anxiety disorder GAD — uncontrollable, unrealistic worry that is persistent.
In GAD, an alteration in benzodiazepine receptor regulation is thought to occur Smeltzer and Bare, Serotonin abnormalities also appear to play a part in anxiety Smeltzer and Bare, Increased serotonin levels have been associated with obsessive compulsive disorders.
Etiological Theories Psychoanalytical theory says that anxiety is a conflict between the id and the superego, which was repressed in early development but which emerges again in adulthood Smeltzer and Bare, Biological theory looks at this situation differently. Biological theories consider the sympathoadrenal responses to stress and observe the blood vessels constrict because epinephrine and norepinephrine have been release Smeltzer and Bare, If the body adapts to the stress, hormone levels adjust to compensate for epinephrine-norepinephrine release, and the body functions return to homeostasis Smeltzer and Bare, If the body does not adapt to the stress, the immune system is challenged, lymph nodes swell, and risk for physical illness increases Smeltzer and Bare, Physical examination of the patient with GAD may reveal symptoms of muscle tension, including trembling, muscle aches and spasms, headaches, and an inability to relax.
Autonomic signs and symptoms include shortness of breath, tachycardia, and sweating, and abdominal complaints are rare. The patient may startle easily and complain of feeling apprehensive, fearful, or angry and of having difficulty sleeping, eating, or concentrating.
Because anxiety is the central feature of other mental disorders, psychiatric evaluation is necessary to rule out phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorders, depression, and acute schizophrenia. Treatment Treatment is individualized for the patient and may include one or more of the following: Drug treatment and psychotherapy is most effective in treating a patient with this disorder. Complete symptomatic relief is rare, however. The benzodiazepine antianxiety drugs relieve anxiety but should only be prescribed for 4 to 6 weeks because of the potential for abuse Smeltzer and Bare, Buspirone, an antianxiety drug, causes less sedation and less risk of physical and psychological dependence than the benzodiazepine Smeltzer and Bare, However, it takes several weeks to take effect.
Psychotherapy can help the patient identify and deal with the cause of anxiety, anticipate his reactions, and plan effective response strategies to deal with the anxiety. The patient may learn relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, focused relaxation, and visualization Smeltzer and Bare, If you require any further information or help, please visit our Support Center.
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Example of Research Papers. Definition. Anxiety is the uncomfortable feeling of dread that occurs in response to extreme or prolonged periods of stress (Smeltzer and Bare, ). It is commonly ranked as mild, moderate, severe, or panic.
Treatment for Generalized Anxiety Disorder Research Papers deal with the different therapies used in the treatments for anxiety. ADHD and Ritalin Research Papers - Anxiety Disorder - Anxiety Disorders are types of psychological disorders characterized by fear and apprehension.
Research Paper: Anxiety Disorders Stephanie Hathaway Liberty University Abstract Anxiety Disorders are characterized by many symptoms and often associated with depressive tendencies. Essay Anxiety Disorders Anxiety is a feeling of tension associated with a sense of threat of danger when the source of the danger is not known. In comparison, fear is a feeling of tension that is associated with a known source of danger. I believe it is normal for us to have some mild anxiety present in our daily lives. Everyday that I can think of I have some kind of anxiety though out that day.
Anxiety disorders are the most common psychological disorders in the United States. There are four different types of anxiety disorders: phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Anxiety is an unpleasant feeling of . This sample Anxiety Disorders Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only. Free research papers READ MORE HERE.