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How to Structure an English Essay

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❶The five paragraphs consist of the introduction, three body paragraphs and the conclusion. Focus on Reading Skills:

Language & Lit

The Five Paragraph Essay
How to Cite
Writing the essay

It is imperative that you keep these aims in mind at all times when you are writing your essay. Matrix students are taught how to address these criteria in their responses. You must ensure that you demonstrate a skilful ability to answer each of the seven criteria above. This is especially true in the HSC, where the questions are becoming more focused and thematically specific to weed out students who engage in this practice.

Instead, you want to study your texts in a holistic manner that allows you to respond to a wide range of questions. You sit in the classroom and wait for your teacher to say: One of the most difficult parts of dealing with exams is responding to what the questions ask of you. But there are some strategies to take the sting out of this.

This question is drawing on the language of the module. The relevant key phrases from the module are:. That could look like this:.

Practise essay writing with Matrix English Skills Course during the school holidays. Learn how to structure and write an essay step-by-step with HSC experts. Learn more about Year 11 English Skills Course. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Matrix Education and www. How to Read and Analyse Texts 2.

How to Research Your Texts 3. How to Prepare for Assessments 5. How to Plan an Essay 6. How To Write An Essay 7. How to Edit Your Essay 8. How to Write Creatives 9. Year 12 English Modules Short Answer Questions How To Write An Essay In this part of our Guide, we continue our essay writing guide with actionable steps for writing an essay response for any question you might be asked from scratch without breaking a sweat! How to write an essay In the last part of our Guide, we looked at how essays work and discussed the structure and planning of an essay.

But first, we need to discuss what essays are and how they should work. In this article we discuss: Just to recap this is the process we are using to write an essay: The process for writing an essay. The Anatomy of a T. Try instead to be more general and you will have your reader hooked. The middle paragraphs of the essay are collectively known as the body paragraphs and, as alluded to above, the main purpose of a body paragraph is to spell out in detail the examples that support your thesis.

For the first body paragraph you should use your strongest argument or most significant example unless some other more obvious beginning point as in the case of chronological explanations is required. The first sentence of this paragraph should be the topic sentence of the paragraph that directly relates to the examples listed in the mini-outline of introductory paragraph.

A one sentence body paragraph that simply cites the example of "George Washington" or "LeBron James" is not enough, however. No, following this an effective essay will follow up on this topic sentence by explaining to the reader, in detail, who or what an example is and, more importantly, why that example is relevant.

Even the most famous examples need context. The reader needs to know this and it is your job as the writer to paint the appropriate picture for them. To do this, it is a good idea to provide the reader with five or six relevant facts about the life in general or event in particular you believe most clearly illustrates your point.

Having done that, you then need to explain exactly why this example proves your thesis. The importance of this step cannot be understated although it clearly can be underlined ; this is, after all, the whole reason you are providing the example in the first place. Seal the deal by directly stating why this example is relevant. The first sentence — the topic sentence - of your body paragraphs needs to have a lot individual pieces to be truly effective.

Not only should it open with a transition that signals the change from one idea to the next but also it should ideally also have a common thread which ties all of the body paragraphs together. For example, if you used "first" in the first body paragraph then you should used "secondly" in the second or "on the one hand" and "on the other hand" accordingly. Examples should be relevant to the thesis and so should the explanatory details you provide for them. It can be hard to summarize the full richness of a given example in just a few lines so make them count.

If you are trying to explain why George Washington is a great example of a strong leader, for instance, his childhood adventure with the cherry tree though interesting in another essay should probably be skipped over.

You may have noticed that, though the above paragraph aligns pretty closely with the provided outline, there is one large exception: These words are example of a transitional phrase — others include "furthermore," "moreover," but also "by contrast" and "on the other hand" — and are the hallmark of good writing.

Transitional phrases are useful for showing the reader where one section ends and another begins. It may be helpful to see them as the written equivalent of the kinds of spoken cues used in formal speeches that signal the end of one set of ideas and the beginning of another. In essence, they lead the reader from one section of the paragraph of another. Hopefully this example not only provides another example of an effective body paragraph but also illustrates how transitional phrases can be used to distinguish between them.

Although the conclusion paragraph comes at the end of your essay it should not be seen as an afterthought. As the final paragraph is represents your last chance to make your case and, as such, should follow an extremely rigid format. One way to think of the conclusion is, paradoxically, as a second introduction because it does in fact contain many of the same features.

A thesis statement states the main argument or point and what the essay aims to achieve. The goals of the introduction are to entice the reader and to give them an overview of what is to come. No matter what type of essay is being written, the goal is to summarize the arguments, define any important terms and provide any needed background information. The body paragraphs of an essay serve to explore the main ideas that support the thesis statement.

A basic essay has at least three body paragraphs, and each typically has a different supporting detail. For example, if the essay is about why public school students should wear uniforms, then each paragraph would have a different supporting argument. One may be about how uniforms help children feel like they belong, the next about how it saves money for families and the last about how it helps overall test scores.

Certain types of essays benefit from counterarguments -- particularly argumentative papers. Counterarguments give the opposing side of the main idea and show that the writer has thoroughly explored the issue. Using the previous example, the writer would describe the downside of uniforms -- children not being able to express their independence, for example.

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There are various types of academic essays including expository, descriptive, argumentative and narrative. While every type of essay is unique and calls for different content, length and style, a majority of essays have a similar structure. The five-paragraph essay is the basic approach to essay structure.

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Because essays are essentially linear—they offer one idea at a time—they must present their ideas in the order that makes most sense to a reader. Successfully structuring an essay means attending to a reader's logic. The focus of such an essay predicts its structure.

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A basic essay structure contains an introduction, a body and a conclusion. Generally, each section will be a separate paragraph. The body can have three or more paragraphs. The final Essay type is the commentary Essay. These Essays would normally focus on texts. Your introduction would therefore introduce the text(s). You would then follow this with a series of comments that analyse and evaluate the text(s) given. You may be required to compare and contrast the texts.

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Learn english essay structure with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of english essay structure flashcards on Quizlet. Related discussions on The Student Room. english essay structure help ASAP» AQA English Literature Paper 1B Section A Essay structure» English Lit AO1 Essay Structure».